Conventional Participation. Voting Contact officials Attend meetings Attend political rallies Contributing to a campaign Volunteering in a campaign Running for office Military service
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Long term factors:
Short term factors
by Nicholson and Segura
media will highlight candidate's race, party, & district if black
bi-racial elections, media will highlight black candidate's race
bi-racial elections, media will highlight the race of voters
bi-racial elections, media will downplay candidate's messages of race
competitive elections will focus on race of the black candidate even further
black reporters less likely to use racial cues.
Content analysis of biggest two papers in 9 randomly selected states
Examines 13 biracial contests; 28 all white elections; 7 all black elections
Statistical technique: ANOVA MANOVA
All hypotheses were supported except last, black reporters were more likely to mention race and black reporters were more likely to cover biracial elections.