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Budget 101 Workshop. Committee for Education Funding April 29, 2011 Stephanie Giesecke NAICU . CEF Basics. Founded in 1969 to achieve adequate federal funding for education system Over 80 member organizations representing PreK through post-graduate

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Presentation Transcript
budget 101 workshop

Budget 101 Workshop

Committee for Education Funding

April 29, 2011

Stephanie Giesecke

NAICU

cef basics
CEF Basics
  • Founded in 1969 to achieve adequate federal funding for education system
  • Over 80 member organizations representing PreK through post-graduate
  • Focus on Congressional Budget and Appropriations Action
  • Oppose cutting one education program to pay for another
what is a budget
What is a Budget?
  • Practical document
  • Political document
  • Part of Checks and Balances
  • Congress has the Power of the Purse
basic budget terms
Basic Budget Terms
  • Authorization v. Appropriation
  • Budget Authority (BA) v. Outlays (OL)
  • Discretionary v. Mandatory
  • Fiscal Year v. Award Year
  • Forward Funded
  • Advanced Appropriations
  • Scoring (CBO v. OMB)
  • Deficit v. Debt
administration budget process
Administration Budget Process
  • 3 Phases of Agency Process:
    • Formulation
    • Presentation to Congress
    • Execution
  • 2.5 year period; 2-3 FYs
  • ED Budget Service working on FY 2013 NOW
ed fy 2013 process basics
ED FY 2013 Process Basics
  • Spring 2011 – Start FY 2013 Recommendations
  • Summer 2011 – FY 2012 Mid-Session Review
  • Fall 2011 – FY 2013 Request to OMB/Passback
  • Fall 2011 – FY 2012 Congressional Action
  • Fall 2011 – Certify FY 2011 Actuals
  • December 2011 – Prepare President’s FY 2013 Budget Submission
congressional budget and appropriations process
Congressional Budget and Appropriations Process
  • Rules were made to be broken
  • Not just a process, but a lobbying plan
  • Two Parts of the Process:
    • Congressional Budget Resolution
    • Annual Appropriations Bills
  • Two areas CEF focuses on:
    • Function 500 (Budget Resolution)
    • Labor-HHS-Education Appropriations Subcommittee
congressional budget resolution
Congressional Budget Resolution
  • Does 3 important things:

1) Sets spending and revenue totals

      • Function 500: Education, Training and Social Services
      • Function 550 : Health
      • 302 (a) sent to Appropriations Committee
        • 302 (b) Labor-HHS-Education Subcommittee allocation

2) Sets deficit reduction targets

3) Provides reconciliation instructions

slide9

February

March

March

May 15

Spring

Summer

Reconciliation Process

Deadlines in Budget Resolution

April 15

Summer

Fall

September 30

Image Source: Senate Budget Committee Website

history of the federal budget
History of the Federal Budget

Control government spending

Create a Process

  • 1870 Anti-Deficiency Act
  • 1974 Budget Impoundment and Control Act
  • 1985, 1987 Gramm-Rudman-Hollings
  • 1990 Budget Enforcement Act expired 2002
process reform 2011
Process Reform 2011
  • New House Rules
    • Cut-as-you-go
    • Strikes Gephardt Rule
    • Reconciliation cannot be used for “spending”
    • Published and “deemed” spending totals for FY 2011
    • Exempts tax cuts and repeal of HC from PAYGO scorecard
    • Requires “spending reduction account” in approps bills
process reform 20111
Process Reform 2011
  • Balanced Budget Amendment proposals
  • Bipartisan Fiscal Commissions
  • Debt Ceiling bill will carry cuts
  • Global Caps
  • Focus on Discretionary Spending
big picture president s fy 2012 outlays
Big Picture: President’s FY 2012 Outlays

$3.7 Trillion in Total Spending

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