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U.S. Business Needs for Employees with International Expertise PowerPoint Presentation
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U.S. Business Needs for Employees with International Expertise

U.S. Business Needs for Employees with International Expertise

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U.S. Business Needs for Employees with International Expertise

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  1. U.S. Business Needs for Employees with International Expertise Ben L. Kedia Wang Center for International Business Education and Research The University of Memphis  Shirley Daniel Center for International Business Education and Research The University of Hawaii

  2. Previous Research International skills and education are important: • Nehrt (1977): Every manager should have some formal education and training in international business. • Hoffman and Gopinath (1994) conclude that CEOs perceive international issues as relevant to the success of their firms. • Moxon, O’Shea, Brown, & Escher (1997). Global awareness and cultural sensitivity are important international skills. • Webb, Mayer, Pioche and Allen (1999). Business students need international training.

  3. Previous Research International skills and education are not so important : • Kobrin (1984). 72% of executives think international expertise is learned on the job. • Ball and McCulloch (1993). 78% of executives believe that their employees learn the international aspects of their business on the job. • Reynolds and Rice (1988). American managers care more about the technical skills of their employees than about their international skills. • Bikson and Law (1994). Cognitive and social skills and personal traits) are more important to business success than international skills.

  4. Main Research Questions • Do US executives believe that international skills are important for the employees that they hire? If so, what types of international knowledge and skills are needed and at what level? • Do companies provide training programs to their employees that develop international skills, and if so, who are the main providers of such programs? • In what ways do executives think US business schools should improve with respect to their international business education programs?

  5. Sample Firms - By Industry 42.3% 19.8% 3.6% 6.3% 2.7% 25.2%

  6. Sample Firms - By Company Size 22.5% 4.5% 13.5% 54.4%

  7. International Sales: Percent of Total Sales

  8. Percent of Employees Working in Positions Requiring International Knowledge or Expertise

  9. Current Growth of International Activities Compared to Domestic Activities 39 27 34

  10. Percent of Total Sales Revenue from International Business over Next 10 Years 63 18 19

  11. Supply of International Business Graduates

  12. Future Needs for International Expertise

  13. Would Overall Business Increase if More International Expertise were Available on Staff? 13 65 22

  14. Consequences of Not Having International Competence

  15. How Did the Insufficient International Competence Affect the Firm? Ways in which Insufficient International Competence Affected Firms: Percentage of Respondents Missed marketing/ business opportunities 21% 4% Failed to recognize important shifts in host country policies toward foreign owned corporations Suffered from a bias toward a US point of view 15% Failed to anticipate the needs of int'l customers 13% Not fully capitalized on expertise available or tech advances occurring abroad 11%

  16. Effect of 9-11 Yes 25% No 75%

  17. Effect of Homeland Security Measures Yes 31% No 69%

  18. Current and Future Importance of Regions

  19. Importance of International Expertise for Professional Staff and Line Management

  20. Importance of International Skills in Professional Staff Positions

  21. Importance of International Skills in Line Positions

  22. Importance to Improve International Business Education

  23. Questions? Mahalo (Thank you)