dr nancy j aguinaga http cstl coe semo edu naguinaga
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Dr. Nancy J. Aguinaga cstl-coe.semo/naguinaga/

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

Dr. Nancy J. Aguinaga cstl-coe.semo/naguinaga/ - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Dr. Nancy J. Aguinaga http://cstl-coe.semo.edu/naguinaga/. WHAT IS Autism Spectrum Disorder?. What is your preconceived notion or idea when you hear or see the term autism? Preconceived feelings?. WHAT IS Autism Spectrum Disorder?.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Dr. Nancy J. Aguinaga cstl-coe.semo/naguinaga/' - tanner-humphrey

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
dr nancy j aguinaga http cstl coe semo edu naguinaga
Dr. Nancy J. Aguinaga


what is autism spectrum disorder
WHAT IS Autism Spectrum Disorder?
  • What is your preconceived notion or idea when you hear or see the term autism?
  • Preconceived feelings?
what is autism spectrum disorder1
WHAT IS Autism Spectrum Disorder?
  • The fastest growing diagnoses of childhood (from ‘91 to ‘99-up 1108%)
  • Very complex, often baffling developmental disability
  • First described by Leo Kanner in 1943 as early infantile autism
  • “Auto” – children are “locked within themselves.”
  • For next 30 years, considered to be an emotional disturbance
what is asd
  • Today, autism is a severe form of a broader group of disorders
  • These are referred to as pervasive developmental disorders
  • Typically appears during the first 3 years of life
  • Expressed very differently – a wide range of abilities, strengths and limitations.
what is asd1
  • Neurological in origin – not emotional, not the refrigerator mom
  • Prevalence figures vary (1 in 166 in text) 1:110 NOW
  • 4 times more prevalent in boys
  • No known racial, ethnic, or social boundaries
  • No relation to family income, lifestyle
what is asd2
  • Autism impacts normal development of the brain in areas of social interaction and communication skills and behavior.
  • Difficult to communicate with others and relate to the outside world.
  • Occasionally, aggressive and/or self-injurious behavior may be present.
what is asd3
  • May exhibit repeated body movements (hand flapping, rocking).
  • Unusual responses to people
  • Attachment to objects
  • Resistance to change in routine
  • Sensory sensitivities
what are the types
  • Actually, the “umbrella” heading is Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD).
  • Autism is one of the 5 PDDs. For now – DSM IV
  • All have commonalities in communication and social deficits
  • Differ in terms of severity
  • Differ in IQ levels
  • DSM 5 - ASD
1 autistic disorder
1. Autistic Disorder
  • Impairments in social interaction, communication, and imaginative play.
  • Apparent before age 3.
  • Also includes stereotyped behaviors, interests, and activities
  • Autism added to the DSM III in 1980
2 asperger s disorder
2. Asperger’s Disorder
  • Impairments in social interactions, and presence of restricted interests and activities
  • No clinically significant general delay in language
  • Average to above average intelligence
  • Hans Asperger – a Vienese medical student– 1944 – his work not translated into English until 1981 and entered into the DSM IV in 1994
3 pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified pdd nos
3. Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS)
  • Often referred to as atypical autism
  • Used when a child does not meet the criteria for a specific diagnosis, but there is severe and pervasive impairment in specified behaviors
  • Entered into the DSM IV in 1987 revision
4 rett s disorder
4. Rett’s Disorder
  • Progressive disorder which, almost exclusively occurs in females
  • Period of normal development and then the loss of previously acquired skills
  • Also loss of purposeful use of hands, which is replaced by repetitive hand movements
  • Beginning at age of 1-2 years, typically in first 5 months
  • Characterized by head growth deceleration and loss of previously acquired skills between 5-48 months
  • Entered into the DSM IV in 1994
5 childhood disintegrative disorder
5. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder
  • Normal growth and development prior to manifesting social interaction (generally the first 2 years)
  • Then significant loss of previously acquired skills in at least 2 of the following areas(language, social skills, adaptive behavior, bowel or bladder control, play, or motor skills) before the age of 10
  • Entered into the DSM IV in 1994
idea individuals with disabilities education act
IDEA- Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
  • Autism was not an official disability category under federal education law until 1990
  • Before this services were received under other categories such as ID(MR), OHI , or BD
conclusions on types
Conclusions on Types
  • Autism is a spectrum disorder
  • This means that symptoms and characteristics can present themselves in wide variety of combinations, from mild to severe
  • Individuals with autism can be very different from each other
  • Kluth “2003” “If you know one person with autism, you know ONE person with autism”


  • “Autism” is still commonly used to refer to any of the 5 PDDs
  • Good agreement in general that autism is caused by abnormalities in brain and central nervous system development (typically result in over or under reactions to various sensory stimuli)
  • May include chemical exposure, viral and genetic factors
  • Vaccines? – NO NONO
  • Currently no medical test to confirm
  • A diagnosis is made by behavioral observations
famous people with autism
Famous People with Autism

People on the spectrum have made some of the greatest contributions to the world we know…