SAVIN Conference April 2007
Victims of Crime Act • 1982 – Task Force on Victims of Crime. • 1984 – Victims of Crime Act enacted. • Created the Crime Victims Fund. • Offender-based revenues; no taxpayer funds. • Primarily for state crime victim compensation and victim assistance programs. • Direct victim services.
Annual Fund Allocations Above the cap: $50 million Antiterrorism Emergency Reserve (AER) Two new OJP offices?????? Victim Assistance $396.0 63% Crime Victim Comp. 143.4 23% OVC Discretionary 29.6 5% VNS 5.3 1% FBI 8.7 1% U.S. Atty 22.0 4% Children’s Justice Act 20.0 3% FY 2006 cap = $625 million
Victim Assistance Grants • Subgrants for direct services • Purposes: (1) respond to the emotional and physical needs of crime victims; (2) assist primary and secondary victims of crime to stabilize their lives after a victimization; (3) assist victims to understand and participate in the criminal justice system; and (4) provide victims of crime with a measure of safety and security such as boarding up broken windows and replacing or repairing locks.
Victim Assistance Grants • Allocations (minimum 10% each) • Domestic Violence • Sexual Assault • Child Abuse • Previously Underserved Victims of Violent Crime • Administrative Funds (5%) • Training Funds (1%)
Subgrants • Eligibility • Public Agency or Nonprofit Organization • New/Existing Financial Support • Use Volunteers (waiver) • Community Coordination • Crime Victim Compensation Assistance • Does not discriminate against victims who disagree with prosecution.
Subgrants • OVC Requirements • Match • Cash and/or in-kind • 20% of total project cost • Native American: 5% of total project cost • Non-supplantation • Provide Services to Federal victims • Confidentiality
Allowable Costs f. Advanced Technologies. At times, computers may increase a subrecipient’s ability to reach and serve crime victims. For example, automated victim notification systems have dramatically improved the efficiency of victim notification and enhanced victim security. * * * * * Subgrantees who meet VOCA’s program eligibility requirements may use VOCA funds for computers and other forms of advanced technologies, such as automated victim notification systems. In so doing, subgrantees must provide specific information, including: 1) a description of how the equipment will enhance services to crime victims; • how it will be integrated into and/or enhance the subgrantee’s current system; and • the costs of installation, ongoing operational costs, supplies and staff training, and how these additional costs will be supported. OVC Guidelines
Administrative Funds • Up to 5% of annual grant. • Available only to the designated VOCA administrative agency; not to other state agencies or subgrantees. • No match required. • Allowable to “promote innovative approaches to serving crime victims such as through the use of technology.”
Training Funds • Up to 1% of grant to support statewide and regional training. • Open to victim services providers and allied professionals • Requires 20% match of total project cost.
Use of VOCA Funds for automated victim notification systems Survey of 56 VOCA administrative agencies; 28 responses. Does not used VOCA funds = 16 Previously used VOCA funds = 7 Currently use VOCA funds = 5
Use of VOCA Funds • Three states use subgrant funds only; two use both subgrant and administrative funds. • Three support both statewide and local programs; two are statewide only. • Two statewide programs operated through Prosecutors’ and/or Sheriffs’ Associations; one through VOCA agency and state DV coalition and one through a state university. • All use state funds as subgrant match; one also uses volunteer hours. • All but one subgrant includes direct services in addition to notification.
Comments • A number of states have or are applying for BJA SAVIN grants. • Several states use other state or non-VOCA federal funding (general tax funds, criminal fines/penalties). • AG’s office ideal to get system going because of connections to law enforcement agencies.
SAVIN • SAVIN • Appropriations bills; $8 million - $9 million. • Bureau of Justice Assistance. • Establish or enhance statewide system. • 50% match. • May not utilize Victims Assistance Program (VOCA).
Justice for All Act • Public Law 108-408 Title 1 – Crime Victims Rights Act. Section 103 – Increased Resources for enforcement of victims’ rights. • Authorizes $5 million for 5 years; no appropriations. • State-of-the-art victim notification systems. • Jurisdictions with substantially equivalent laws.
Byrne JAG • State and local formula grants • Seven purpose areas, including • Law enforcement programs • Prosecution and court programs • Prevention and education programs • Corrections and community service programs • Drug treatment and enforcement programs • Planning, evaluation, and technology improvement programs. • Crime victim and witness programs (other than compensation)