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ICLEI – ACCCRN Process Opportunity for Project Identification. ICLEI ACCCRN. The project aims to: Distil the critical successful elements of original ACCCRN processes and supplement it with other relevant and proven approaches
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ICLEI – ACCCRN ProcessOpportunity for Project Identification
ICLEI ACCCRN The project aims to: • Distil the critical successful elements of original ACCCRN processes and supplement it with other relevant and proven approaches • Develop a Guide and Toolkit to help cities develop local climate change resilience strategies • Test the toolkit in three project cities – Shimla, Bhubaneswar, Mysore A streamlined and replicable process that cities can implement without the need for much external support
Framework for building urban climate change resilience • What are the projected Climate Change trends? • Who are the most vulnerable? • How does the city function? • Need to consider all three components to effectively build urban resilience 2. What are the direct and indirect impacts of climate change 1. How does the city work Urban poverty reduction Urban climate change risk Indirect impact Direct impact Direct impact Disaster risk reduction 3. Who is least able to respond to shocks and stresses Source: Arup
Benefits to Cities from ICLEI ACCCRN Process 12 months!!
ICLEI ACCCRN Process • A set of 16 tools developed • Adapted the Urban Climate Resilience Planning Framework (ISET et al) • Tested in 3 cities • Process reviewed and refined • Being upscaled to approx 40 cities in 4 countries
ICLEI ACCCRN Process Assessing projected climate trends Identifying existing fragile urban systems Expected impacts of climate projections on fragile systems Prioritization based on risk assessment Political commitment Institutional set up Identification of perceived threats, past practices & opportunities Communication For each impact, identification of: - Vulnerable areas - Vulnerable social groups Corresponding resilience actions identified Actions prioritized based on resilience indicators & feasibility criteria
ICLEI ACCCRN Tools • Phase 1: • Engagement Tools • Forming a Climate Core Team • Forming a Stakeholder Group • Baseline Questionnaire • Climate Ready Review (Policies / Plans) • Communication Strategy • Phase 2: • Climate Research & Impact Assessment Tools • Assessing climate exposure • Urban system analysis • Risk assessment • Reference Tools Engagement Checklist Engagement Checklist Engagement Checklist • Phase 4: • Resilience Strategies Tools • Resilience interventions • Prioritisation of resilience options • Integration into city plans • City Resilience Strategy • Phase 3: • Vulnerabilities Assessment Tools • Vulnerabilities assessment • Adaptive capacities of urban systems • Data gap analysis and collation
e.g. Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation • Bhubaneswar: • (4X4 Ass. Rep • 2030) Increase in Average Annual Rainfall Max increase March - May Increase in Average Annual Temp. Max increase in temp March - May Probable decrease in frequency of cyclonic disturbances but increase in intensity (June – Sept) • Fragile Urban Systems • - Water Supply • - Housing • - Energy • - Ecosystems Potential impacts of CC & prioritized Vulnerable Areas Vulnerable social groups For each urban system Identification of…
Bhubaneswar: Increased precipitation impact (Water logging & disrupted infrastructure)
Bhubaneswar: Increased temperature impact (Shortage of water supply)
Bhubaneswar: Increased precipitation impact (Health risks)
Bhubaneswar: Increased temperature impact (Fire risks)
Bhubaneswar: Increased temperature impact (Disruption of power supply)
Bhubaneswar: Increased temperature impact (Ecosystem stress – water bodies)
Bhubaneswar • Vulnerabilities • Impacted by water logging and disrupted infrastructure • Impacted by shortage of water • Prone to health and fire risks • Prone to shortage of power supply and disrupted infrastructure • Faces additional stress on ecosystems • Population impacted • Commercial units • Slum residents • Women • Children and elderly people • Industries • Institutions • Students
e.g. Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation • Bhubaneswar: • (4X4 Ass. Rep • 2030) Increase in Average Annual Rainfall Max increase March - May Increase in Average Annual Temp. Max increase in temp March - May Probable decrease in frequency of cyclonic disturbances but increase in intensity (June – Sept) • Fragile Urban Systems • - Water Supply • - Housing • - Energy • - Ecosystems Potential impacts of CC & prioritized Vulnerable Areas Vulnerable social groups Total of 32 actions 21 with ‘High’ applicability considering ‘resilience’ & ‘feasibility’ criteria 10 Hard measures 11 Soft measures For each urban system Identification of… Climate resilient actions identified….
Financing Climate Adaptation: Water Supply Drains along roads Financing needs Hard measures Protection of water supply infrastructure RWH for GW recharge Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission Soft measures Awareness generation on CC impacts Inter-Dept Coordination Think climate change Explicit adaptation measures Water Supply: Climate Resilient Actions
Financing Climate Adaptation: Housing Drainage systems for slum areas Financing needs Hard measures Rajiv Awas Yojna Housing for urban poor Energy efficient lighting Soft measures Provision of ‘Green Belt’ in City Development Plan Training on fire prevention & fire fighting Awareness generation on CC impacts Building bye-laws to include CC component Think climate change Explicit adaptation measures Housing: Climate Resilient Actions
Adaptation pathway • Process of initial identification of resilience actions important for credibility • Addresses current as well as anticipatedchallenges • Creates opportunities for innovative approaches to project design to access funding
Learning… • Building local capacities and institutional set up for undertaking bottom-up processes for creating demand and attracting donors • Multi-stakeholder engagement: Understanding the ‘stakes’ Creating social capital Managing trade-offs • All ‘hard measures’ not necessarily explicitly adaptation measures: funding opportunities most often exist • Start with focus of ‘soft measures’ • Political support: ‘greases the wheels’