“Enhancing Student Learning through Problem-Based, Project-Based Assignments” By Lyndsay M. Al-Shibli Wednesday, November 16, 2011
O B J E C T I V E S • To define problem-based learning (PBL); • To review research regarding the benefits of problem-based learning; • To analyze an actual problem-based assignment done by Project DEgree students in spring 2011; • To brainstorm ideas for problem-based learning in your classroom.
P R O B L E M – B A S E D L E A R N I N G D E F I N E D The Buck Institute for Education (BIE), a current forerunner in promoting Problem-Based Learning & developing Problem-Based projects, offers this definition: “A systematic teaching method that engages students in learning essential knowledgeand life-enhancing skillsthrough an extended, student-influenced inquiry process structured around complex, authentic questions and carefully designed products and tasks.” http://www.bie.org/about/
W H Y P R O B L E M – B A S E D L E A R N I N G? • Focuses on Meaning-Making rather than Fact-Collecting; • Allows for “deep learning” of concepts; • Encourages group work and constant collaboration with other students and instructor; • Promotes integration and immediate application of learned concepts. http://www.ntlf.com/html/pi/9812/pbl_1.htm
P B L R E S O U R C E S • Wilkerson, LuAnn and Wim H. Gijselaers, eds. "Bringing Problem-based Learning to Higher Education." New Directions for Teaching and Learning 68 (Jossey-Bass: San Francisco, 1996.). • Bridges, Edwin M. Problem-based Learning for Administrators. (ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, University of Oregon, 1992). • Buck Institute for Education website: http://www.bie.org/about/what_is_pbl/ • The National Teaching & Learning Forum website: http://www.ntlf.com/
A N A L Y Z I N G A P B L P R O J E C T • Was completed by Project DEgree students taking ENG 090 & RED 090 in Spring 2011; • Focused on a poverty as a theme for maximum integration of writing and reading skills; • Developed around the idea behind Barbara Ehrenreich’sNickel & Dimed: on NOT Getting by in America; • Was designed as a group project, lasting the entire 16-week semester