Ch 5 an age of empires rome han china
1 / 49

Ch.5 An Age of Empires: Rome & Han China - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Ch.5 An Age of Empires: Rome & Han China. 753 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Italy. Environment. Italy-crossroads of Mediterranean Rome-crossroads of Italy. Rome’s in 753 B.C.E. Origins. The legend: Romulus & Remus-grown by a she-wolf, founded the city Rome –founded in 753 B.C. on 7 hills.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Ch.5 An Age of Empires: Rome & Han China' - tanisha-wilkinson

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript


  • Italy-crossroads of Mediterranean

  • Rome-crossroads of Italy


  • The legend: Romulus & Remus-grown by a she-wolf, founded the city

  • Rome –founded in 753 B.C. on 7 hills

Social structure
Social structure

  • Basis of society: family, multiple generations + slaves

  • Paterfamilias: absolute power

  • Patricians-rich

  • Plebeians-poor

  • Fights among them: “Conflict of the Order”

Economy fundamental values?

  • Agricultural society

  • Basis of wealth: land

  • Trade

  • Territory rich in metals (iron): N-W Etruria

Political organization
Political organization fundamental values?

  • 1) Monarchy 753 -507 B.C.E. ( Romulus-Tarquinius Superbus)

  • 2) Roman Republic 507 -31 B.C.E.

  • Rulers: Senate, Council of Elders, several assemblies

  • All male citizens able to attend

Was the roman republic a democracy

Was the Roman Republic a democracy? fundamental values?

Who had the real power?

Answers fundamental values?

  • Votes of wealthy counted more than the ones of the poor

  • Senate

Political org
Political org. fundamental values?

  • 450 B.C.E. Conflict of the Order:plebeians refused to work

  • The laws: on 12 stone tablets

  • New officials: tribunes ( lower classes)

What was the purpose of the 12 stone tablets

What was the purpose of the 12 stone tablets? fundamental values?

Was the new structure efficient?

Political org1
Political org. fundamental values?

  • Tribunes- power to block any action of the Assembly that was against the interests of the lower classes

  • Patricians: brought the tribunes into their class.

  • Patron-client relationship:

  • Patron-wealthy, offered protection

  • Clients: poor, political, military support, agric. work

Religion fundamental values?

  • Polytheistic

  • Small sacrifices: cakes, wine

  • Jupiter-Zeus, Mars-Ares, Venus-Aphrodita

  • Numina

  • Pax Deorum( Peace of the gods)-covenant between the gods & the Roman state

  • People: sacrifices, gods: protection, success

Women fundamental values?

  • No property

  • Under male authority the whole life

  • Less constrained than Greek women

  • In time they got more rights

  • influence

Expansion fundamental values?

  • a) in Italy

  • b) in the Mediterranean

Ch 5 an age of empires rome han china

  • 1) aggressiveness fundamental values?

  • 2) insecurity-buffer states-further expansion

  • Well organized army; set up camps

  • A) expanded in Italy: conflicts among pastoral tribes & agric. population

  • B) 264-202-conquered Phoenicians

  • expanded in Mediterranean: Sicily, Sardinia, Spain

Ch 5 an age of empires rome han china

  • 200-146 wars against Hellenistic kingdoms fundamental values?

  • 59-51 Caesar conquered Gaul (S France)

  • New provinces: local administration & tax collection

  • A senator sent to administer it

  • Romans accorded citizenship to conquered people

The failure of the republic
The failure of the Republic fundamental values?

  • Political causes

  • 1) civil wars( 88-31 B.C.E.)

  • 2)armies were more loyal to their leader than to the state

The failure of the republic1
The failure of the Republic fundamental values?

  • Economical causes

  • 1) the appearance of the latifundia (herds , wine instead of grains)

  • 2) Roman cities became dependent of imported grains

  • 3)peasants-difficulty in finding a job because of the slaves

  • 4) poverty

  • 5) lower no. of eligible soldiers

Octavianus princeps augustus
Octavianus Princeps Augustus fundamental values?

The roman principate 31 b c e 330 c e
The Roman fundamental values?Principate (31 B.C.E.-330 C.E.)

  • Octavian (31 B.C.-14 C.E.)

  • Maintained the forms of the Republic

  • Founded the Principate

  • Military dictator

  • Expanded the empire: Egypt, parts of Middle East, Central Europe

  • After him, the empire was ruled by emperors from different families

Questions fundamental values?

  • 1 )Why did he never call himself emperor?

  • 2) How was the throne transmitted into the Roman Empire?

Caesar s death
Caesar’s death fundamental values?

Ch 5 an age of empires rome han china

Way of life
Way of life fundamental values?

  • 80 % of population lived in villages

  • 20 % in cities; Rome, Alexandria, Carthage

  • Rome

  • Forum, government buildings

  • Temples, gardens

  • Public baths, theaters

  • Rich: town-houses

  • Poor: slums

Roman forum
Roman Forum fundamental values?

Way of life1
Way of life fundamental values?

  • Cities organized based on Rome’s model

  • led by a town council +2 elected officials

  • Pax Romana –period of peace, stability & prosperity during the first 2 centuries C.E. guaranteed by the Roman power

The colosseum
The Colosseum fundamental values?

Romanization fundamental values?

  • spread of Latin language and Roman way of life into the conquered territories

  • Factors of Romanization?

Factors of romanization
Factors of Romanization fundamental values?

  • Language

  • Administration

  • Cities-built on Rome’s model

  • Veterans

  • School

  • Christianity

Third century crisis 235 284
Third-Century Crisis (235-284) fundamental values?

  • Political causes:

  • 1) frequent changes of emperors-civil wars-instability

  • 2)attacks from Germanic tribes

Ch 5 an age of empires rome han china

  • Economical causes: fundamental values?

  • Inflation

  • Declined of trade

  • Drained treasury

  • Demand of higher taxes-barter economy

Ch 5 an age of empires rome han china

  • Social causes fundamental values?

  • Population moved from cities to villages

  • People find protection in local landowners

How was the crisis solved

How was the crisis solved? fundamental values?

Diocletian 284 305
Diocletian( 284-305) fundamental values?

  • Reforms

  • 1) controlled market prices

  • 2) frozed professional mobility

  • Stopped only temporary the collapse of the Roman Empire

Constantine 306 337
Constantine( 306-337) fundamental values?

  • 312, battle of Milvian Bridge , victory( cross)

  • 313, Edict of Milan (freedom of worship to Christians)

  • Unified the empire under a single religion

  • Moved the capital from Rome to Constantinople

The decline of the roman empire
The decline of the Roman Empire fundamental values?

  • 392, emperor Theodosius made Christianity the official & unique religion of the Roman Empire

  • 395 the Roman Empire was divided in 2:

  • Western part-decline

  • Eastern part-flourished, the Byzantine Empire

  • The Western part-attacked by migrating peoples: Germanic tribes( Visigoths, Ostrogoths)

The end of the roman empire
The end of the Roman Empire fundamental values?

  • 476,the Western part collapsed

  • W-divided into many Germanic kingdoms

  • The Eastern part will survive for 1,000 more years under the name the Byzantine Empire

Technology fundamental values?

  • Roads

  • Arches

  • Concrete

  • Ballistic weapons

  • Aqueducts

  • System of writing: alphabet

Roman road appian way
Roman road (Appian Way) fundamental values?

Roman aqueduct
Roman Aqueduct fundamental values?