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MEASURES FOR INCREASING THE PRODUCTIVITY OF RABI CROPS AGRICULTURE COMMISSIONER DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE & COOPERA PowerPoint Presentation
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MEASURES FOR INCREASING THE PRODUCTIVITY OF RABI CROPS AGRICULTURE COMMISSIONER DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE & COOPERA - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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MEASURES FOR INCREASING THE PRODUCTIVITY OF RABI CROPS AGRICULTURE COMMISSIONER DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE & COOPERATION MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE New Delhi . RABI CROPS: RESOURCES BACKGROUND

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slide1

MEASURES FOR INCREASING THE PRODUCTIVITY OF RABI CROPS

AGRICULTURE COMMISSIONER

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE & COOPERATION

MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE

New Delhi

slide2

RABI CROPS: RESOURCES BACKGROUND

* Poor Monsoon Rain. Nearly - 12% overall rainfall till September 8. Excellent start in June, bad in July, good in August, uncertainty September

* Above 20% deficient : JK, HP, Punjab, West Raj. West UP, East UP, East MP, Jharkhand, Vidarbha, Marath, Telangana, TN, Cast Kar. Kerala, And/Nic

* Agri. Imp. Tract like Pujab, UP, Haryana, Rajasthan, M.P. MS, Jhar. Kar. A.P. T.N. are also facing problems

* Storage of water in 71 reservoirs estimated at 82.59 billion cubic metres (9.9). Represent 63% of capacity.

slide3

RABI CROPS :: KHARIF 2004 SCENARIO

*SOWING PROGRESS BY END OF AUGUST

slide7

TRANSFER TECHNOLOGY GAP : CEREALS - MILLETSProductivity of different crops has also remained much below the existing production potential with available technologies.

(Yield in tonnes/ha)

slide8

CROP SPECIFIC ISSUES

Wheat

  • Low SRR
  • Delayed sowings, especially in rice - wheat system areas
  • Adoption of Resource Conservation technologies - Zero till seed drill,

Raised Bed Planting - raised seed bed planter

  • Deficiency of micronutrients- adoption of INM
  • Durum wheat production considering to export demand
slide9

Rabi Jowar

  • Early / timely planting to maximise the advantage of residual soil moisture.
  • Adoption of recommended location specific HYVs / hybrids.
  • Maintaing the optimum plant stand- 1,35,000 plants /ha under rainfed and 1,50,000 plant / ha under irrigated condition.
  • Resource based use of fertilizers
  • Management of insect-pests and diseases
rabi maize
Rabi maize
  • Propagation of full maturity hybrids
  • Propagation of single cross hybrids
  • Encouraging the transplanted maize under multiple cropping system
  • Encouraging intercropping in maize to maximise the returns- mustard, chickpea, potato, green pea,etc
slide11

Chickpea

  • Timely planting to take advantage of residual soil moisture under rainfed conditions
  • Propagation of area specific disease resistant/tolerant varieties
  • Encouraging the rhizobium inoculation with seeds and use of sulphur
  • Providing one irrigation at floweing/podding stage
  • Adoption of IPM concept for the management of insect pest and diseases especially the Helicoverpa, wilt and blight
rapeseed mustard
Rapeseed/Mustard
  • Timely planting
  • Resource based use of fertilizers
  • Encouraging the use of sulphur
  • Irrigation at critical stages of crop growth
  • Adoption of IPM for the management of insect pest and diseases especially aphids, white rust, downy mildew, blight and powdery mildew
safflower
Safflower
  • Encouraging the propagation of location specific recommended varieties including the thornless varieties
  • Adoption of IPM for the management of aphids, wilt and blight
  • Encouraging the alternate use of safflower petals
sugarcane
Sugarcane
  • Encouraging the early maturing varieties for autumn planting in Northern Region
  • Effective management of ratoon crop
  • Adoption of IPM for the control of insect - pests and diseases
slide15

KEY MESSAGES FOR EXTENSION WORKERS WHEAT

* Avoidance of burning of straw and use

* Zero tillage or direct seeding

* Use of Zerotilling cum fertilizer drill

* Furrow irrigated raised bed planting system (FIRBS) : Planting and Management strategy where water is scarce

* ZnSo4 and S application in NWPZ

slide16

BORO RICE

* Promote the adoption of On-farm Water Management Scheme : Replicate the Shallow Tubewell Model of Assam

* Precise varietal choice coupled with INM area-wise

* System of Rice Intensification (SRI) for water savings in Rabi

slide17

SORGHUM

* CSH15R, 19R hybrids for deep soils, irrigated areas to be promoted

* Improved varieties for rabi to be popularised

* Strict adherance to early sowing to avoid shootfly damage.

slide18

SUGARCANE

* Enhancing irrigation efficiency using drip system

* Use of biofertilizers and biocontrol agents for wooly aphids

* Micronutrients applications particularly Fe, Zn, S in deficient areas

* Paired low planting

slide19

RABI PULSES

* Intercropping chickpea, lentil with sorghum, safflower, corainder in Central India

* CHATIS, JHA. WB, ORI, EAST MP, parts of AP Kar. Have vast tracts can be converted into rice fallows with short duration chick pea / lentil

* On farm seed priming

* Rapid Minimum Tillage

* Rhizobium inoculation 5g / kg seed. Application of tiny amount of molybdenum to improve modulation (mix sodium molybdate into soil at 1200 g/ha or seed priming 0.5g / litre 402 / ha

* Urdbean / Mungbean in rice fallows

slide20

RABI OILSEEDS

* Seed treatment with fungicides to avoid pre & post emergence mortality in safflower

* Alternate furrow system of irrigation if available

* Intercropping linseed with R & M, Chickpea

* Spineless variety NARI 6 to be promoted, MKs1 to be enhanced

* Enhance SRR in R & M to 60%

* INM with focus on sulphur (Gypsum), PSB in R & M

* Summer rice areas be replaced by groundnut (2.5 t / ha)

slide21

GENERAL

* Use of ridges, furrows, or broadbeds for raising crops

* Avoid loss of seedlings due to mortality. Enhanced seed treatment

* In Acid soil (nearly 100 m ha) in Assam, NE,. WB Ori. Bihar, Jhar, Ker. Mah. HP. Out of the 25 m ha of cultivated land is < 5.5 /PH. Hence liming is must with material with 25% Cao (Basic slag,lime sludge, calcite, dolmite, phospho, gypsum, press mud, matheline lime)

slide22

SUGGESTIONS OF HON’BLE AGRICULTURE MINISTER

  • Removal of regional imbalance and income disparity through agriculture
  • 2. Must create Second Green Revolution. With same net area China producing double Foodgrians than India
  • 3. India ranks 27th in Rice 32nd in Wheat, 33rd in Soybean, Potato in productivity
slide23

Need to establish soil testing labs for all 13 nutrients

  • 5. Adoption of Scientific basis of land preparation
  • Balanced & proper use of fertilizer usage
  • 7. Closely looking into problems of NE Agriculture
  • 8. Reduction in cost of production