insert the needle about 1 to 2 inches caudal to the skin pinch
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Insert the needle about 1 to 2 inches caudal to the skin pinch. Pectoral muscle IM injection location. Isolating the muscle. Giving the IM injection. Personally I do not prefer this site due to the location. Injections (cont’d). Buttocks Preferred for foals Puts handler within kicking range

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Presentation Transcript
injections cont d
Injections (cont’d)

Buttocks

Preferred for foals

Puts handler within kicking range

Can also be done on top

Although abscesses are hard to drain

slide7
The gluteal region

may be used for

IM Injections, but

the pectoral or

semimembranosis/

semitendinosis

muscles are

preferred sites for

IM injections.

slide8
The white tape

Represents the

Sciatic groove,

Hitting this can

Paralyze an animal.

This is the proper

Technique for giving

An IM injection into

The semitendinosis

Injection.

slide9
IM injection into the

Semimembranosis

and

Semitendinosis

Muscles in the horse.

slide11
Tap, Tap

With your

Palm

Go Now!

Insert the needle!

intravenous injections

Intravenous Injections

Can be given into any visible or palpable vein, safely.

The jugular vein is the most accessible, safest and popular vein used today.

injections cont d1
Injections (cont’d)

Intravenous

14- to 22-gauge needles × 1 to 1 1/2 inches

Jugular is the most popular

Lateral thoracic vein, cephalic vein, saphenous vein, and coccygeal vein are also accessible

slide14
Always insert your needle into the cranial half of the jugular groove. If you hit the carotid artery the medication will flow with great speed to the brain and cause the horse to faint and/or die.
slide16
Location of the lateral thoracic vein. Needle sizes can vary from 14 to 22 ga in diameter and be 1 or 1 ½ inch in length.
subcutaneous injections

Subcutaneous Injections

Are the easiest to perform.

Most common place: lateral aspect of the neck.

Subcutaneous

20- to 22-gauge × 1 inch in length

intradermal injection

Intradermal Injection

Very rarely used to administer medications.

Only volumes of less than 1ml can be injected into the skin at a single site.

A visible bleb should appear in the skin.

Less than 1 ml can be given

25 × 1-gauge needle

catheterization
Catheterization

Catheters

Most commonly used are 10-, 14-, and 16-gauge needles.

10-gauge are recommended for emergency use.

Almost always inserted into the jugular vein; if not available, the lateral thoracic vein can be used.

slide25
CORRECT

POSITION

INCORRECT

POSITION

enemas
Enemas

Newborn foals. Commonly given to newborn foals to encourage passage of the meconium (fetal feces). No special equipment involved, can use human pediatric enema solutions.

Fluids should be warm and nonirritating

Tube or hose

No further than 12 inches

1 to 3 gallons of liquid can be given to an average (1000 lb) adult horse

flushing of the nasolacrimal ducts
Flushing of the Nasolacrimal Ducts

A 20- to 22-gauge lacrimal cannula or a small-diameter flexible catheter (tomcat urinary catheter)

Inserted into a punctum and sterile fluid injected via an attached syringe

Small 1- to 2-mm catheter inserted into the nasal punctum and sterile fluid flushed

Startled when the fluid suddenly enters the eye

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