Road to the American Revolution The events that lead to the American Revolution
French and Indian War Date: 1754-1763 • A war between France and England over the Ohio Territory. • England wins and the French give up all their land in North America.
Proclamation Line of 1763 Date: 1763 • British government forbade English Colonists to settle (move) West of the Appalachian Mountains. Reaction: Upset and many people moved West anyway
Sugar Act Date: 1764 • Put a tax on Sugar, Molasses and other products • It was strictly enforced • there were harsh punishments for smuggling sugar products in. Reaction: • Merchants were upset, began the cried, “No taxation without representation”
Stamp Act Date: 1765 • A tax was placed on all legal and commercial documents (diplomas, contracts, newspapers) • This was a NEW tax for the Colonists and they didn’t like it Reaction: • Boycotted British goods • 9 colonies met in New York to decide what to do • Secret groups formed to organize protests (most famous: Sons of Liberty lead by Sam Adams)
Townshend Acts Date: 1767 • Put tax on glass, paper, paint, lead, and tea to raise money to pay for the British officials in the colonies Reaction: • Colonists once again protested And boycott British goods. • British repeal all but one of the taxes. • They keep the TEA TAX!
Boston Massacre Date: 1770 • 1000 new British soldiers show up in Boston, MA • British soldiers and dock Workers get in a fight • Shots are fired and 5 colonists are killed, including Crispus Attucks. Reaction: • Colonists use the event as anti-British propaganda in newspapers.
Boston Tea Party Date: 1773 • The Sons of Liberty organized the Boston Tea party in response to the Tea Act • Men disguised as Native Americans went on 3 tea ships in Boston harbor and dumped 342 chests of tea in the harbor. Reaction: • Britain responded with more taxes and tighter control on the colonies.
Intolerable Acts Date: 1774 • Laws to punish Massachusetts For the Boston Tea Party Laws: • Closed Boston Harbor • No Town Hall meetings • Must house British troops • British General new governor Reaction: • Colonists start the First Continental Congress • Bans trade with Britain • Organizes Militias (armies)
Battles of Lexington and Concord Date: April 19, 1775 • First battle of the American Revolution (Shot Heard Around the World) Reaction: • WAR! Americans have to choose sides: • Loyalist: supported the British • Patriots: supported the rebels
Declaration of Independence Date: July 1776 • The Second Continental Congress decides to break away from England • Thomas Jefferson wrote most of it • Explained the reasons why the colonies wanted their independence Reaction: King George the Third rejected colonial Independence and the war starts