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  1. Childhood Obesity in Iowa

  2. Fight Childhood Obesity Today! Because overweight children often become obese adults

  3. Current Iowa Trends Results from the 1999-2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), using measured heights and weights, indicate that an estimated15 percent of children and adolescents ages 6-19 years are overweight.

  4. The incidence of obesityhas been gradually increasing over the past three decades

  5. Iowa Childhood Obesity Trends • Current trends point to the need for more aggressive strategies to prevent and reduce obesity among young people. • Recent studies report that an estimated 15 percent of children 6–19 years are overweight (Ogden, 2002). • To counter these trends, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has begun to develop a comprehensive national strategy to prevent obesity among the youth of America.

  6. Iowa Childhood Obesity Facts • Non-Hispanic black and Mexican-American adolescents ages 12-19 were more likely to be overweight (24 percent) than non-Hispanic white adolescents (13 percent). • Mexican-American children ages 6-11 were more likely to be overweight (24 percent) than non-Hispanic black children (20 percent) and non-Hispanic white children (12 percent). • Preschool-aged non-Hispanic black children were less likely (8 percent) than younger Mexican-American children (11 percent) and non-Hispanic white children (10 percent) to be overweight. • In addition, the data show that another 15 percent of children and teens ages 6 to 19 are considered at risk of becoming overweight (a BMI-for-age from the 85th to the 95th percentile).

  7. The experts are saying…. Thegreatest success comes when parents work with the children to changelifestylehabits. Parents need to get the junk food out of the house and put proper portions of food on everyone's plate, no family style platters. And be sure to get out and exercise with your children. Dr. Robert Berkowitz, University of Pennsylvania

  8. ParentsShould Be Approached because of your concern for their child’s health! What Disease Are Obese Children at Risk For? Obese children are at risk for a number of conditions, including: • High cholesterol • High blood pressure • Early heart disease • Diabetes • Bone problems • Skin conditions such as heat rash, fungal infections and acne

  9. What Teachers Can Do! Obesity is a problem that is often shared by both parents and their children. Obesity treatment is usually targeted at either the parents or the children.

  10. What Teachers Can Do! How Do I Know if My Child Is Overweight? Thebest person to determine whether or not your child is overweight is your child's doctor. In determining whether or not your child is overweight, the doctor will measure your child's weight and height. The doctor will also consider your child's age and growth patterns. Assessing obesity in children can be difficult because children can grow in unpredictable spurts. For example, it is not unusual for boys to appear overweight, but they may grow taller and thus " grow into the weight" a few years later.

  11. What Teachers Can Do! KNOW THE FACTS: Children become overweight for a variety of reasons. The most common causes are: • Genetic Factors, • Lack of Physical Activity • Unhealthy Eating Patterns • A Combination of These Factors Only in rare cases is being overweight caused by a medical condition such as a hormonal problem. A physical exam and some blood tests can rule out the possibility of a medical condition.

  12. What Teachers Can Do!KNOW THE FACTS: Although weight problems run in families, not all children with a family history of obesity will be overweight. Children whose parents or brothers or sisters are overweight may be at an increased risk of becoming overweight themselves, but this can be link to shared family behaviors such as eating and activity habits.

  13. Childhood Obesity Trends and Related Disease As the percentage of overweight and obese children continues to climb—it has doubled in 6 to 17 year olds in the last 30 years—so does the incidence of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, hyperlipidemia, and psychosocial disorders among these children. "It's not unusual these days for me to see a 200 pound 8 or 9 year old," said Dr. Kaufmann, describing her young patients in treatment for diseases traditionally seen among adults. As President elect of the American Diabetes Association, she expressed particular concern about the "epidemic" of type 2 diabetes in overweight and obese children and youth.

  14. What Teachers Can Do? A child's total diet and activity levelplay an important role in determining a child's weight. Today, many children spend a lot of time being inactive. For example, the average child spends approximately 24 hours each week watching television.As computers and video games become increasingly popular, the number of hours of inactivity may only increase.

  15. Talking to Parents… How Can I Help My Overweight Child? • If your child is overweight, it is very important that you allow him or her to know that you will be supportive.Children's feelings about themselves often are based on their parents' feelings about them and if you accept your children at any weight, they will be more likely to feel good about themselves. It is also important to talk to your children about their weight, allowing them to share their concerns with you. • It is not recommended that parents set children apart because of their weight.Instead, parents should focus on gradually changing their family's physical activity and eating habits. By involving the entire family, everyone is taught healthful habits and the overweight child does not feel singled out.

  16. Some Practical Suggestions… • Encourage and demonstrate creative ideas that require the students to move around and be active during and after school. • Develop classroom learning activities that incorporate health and nutrition. Have students explore math through calculating energy expenditures of common exercises and link those to calories in food. • Support student exercise by avoiding disciplinary actions that restrict student exercise during recess and after school.

  17. Activities and Suggestions • Consider extra credit activities that require physical exercise (have students develop activity logs). • Engage students by encouraging them to create their own activities and assignments that promote good health (students can create walking maps and healthy snack menus). • Organize a student healthy lifestyle committee to develop a health and fitness activity plan for the school year. • Develop a health calendar and have a weekly suggestion for family fitness or physical activity. • Initiate a student exercise contest that includes family members or friends.

  18. Who Can Help? • Johnson County Public Health Maternal and Child Health program can provide referral sources, information, written materials etc…Ask to speak to a Dietitian. 319-356-6042 • Johnson County Extension Can provide written materials and other resources. Ask for Jan Temple 319-337-2145

  19. Thanks for your help!! For More Information and Resources on Childhood Obesity, Please visit my website at: