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Hewlett-Packard Compaq Merger. Business Decision Making Spring 2005. What We Hoped to Learn. Basic M&A criteria How the AHP process really works What happened with HP & Compaq and how can we make it better in the future?. Outline. Organizational Structure Introduction Criteria

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hewlett packard compaq merger

Hewlett-Packard Compaq Merger

Business Decision Making

Spring 2005

what we hoped to learn
What We Hoped to Learn
  • Basic M&A criteria
  • How the AHP process really works
  • What happened with HP & Compaq and how can we make it better in the future?
outline
Outline
  • Organizational Structure
  • Introduction
  • Criteria
  • Alternatives
  • Hierarchy
  • Conclusion
organizational structure
Organizational Structure

COORDINATOR

Shannon Caputo

ALTERNATIVESCRITERIAEXPERTSWRITERS

Steve Piskadlo Phil LaspisaEvan Taylor Melissa Shah

Paul Ferraro Kathleen Cardelli -Presentations Jonathan Lai

Shawn Standen Chris Skorski Chris Skorski

Cassie Knox -Expert Choice

DOMAIN EXPERTS:

Dr. Stephen Andriole

Professor John Toppel

outline5
Outline
  • Organizational Structure
  • Introduction
  • Criteria
  • Alternatives
  • Hierarchy
  • Conclusion
introduction to hp
Introduction to HP
  • Well-respected systems vendor
  • Smaller, but worthy competitor to IBM
  • Competes mainly in the hardware business with desktops and servers
  • Lacking in the services business
  • Undisputed leader with its line of PC printers
introduction to compaq
Introduction to Compaq
  • Compaq sales leveled off with added competition from Dell
  • Compaq was best known for its personal computer offerings
  • After paying $5.4 billion to finance a merger with Digital Equipment, Compaq eliminated overlap by cutting thousands of jobs worldwide
slide8
Carly Fiorina: Mike Capellas:

C.E.O. of Hewlett-Packard C.E.O. of Compaq

why merge
Why Merge?
  • To compete with IBM and other companies
  • The combined services business will have 65,000 services professionals vs. 100,000-plus for IBM
  • Reduce Costs
  • Bolster stock
merger dates
Merger Dates
  • September 4, 2001 - HP and Compaq announced a definitive merger agreement to create an $87 billion global technology leader.
  • Eights months later on May 3, 2002 HP and Compaq officially merge.
what hp has to say on why
What HP Has to Say on Why
  • Because in one strategic move, we will become market leaders in servers, in storage and in management software -- the essentials of business infrastructure, where leadership really counts.
  • Because we will greatly strengthen our depth and breadth of technology solutions at a time when customers demand integrated, end-to-end solutions.
  • Because more inventors and engineers will be focused on solving the toughest technology challenges of our times -- together.
  • Because combined we will lead the march toward open standards more effectively than either company could on its own.
  • Because for our employees, customers and shareowners, we will be a stronger, more vibrant HP, better conformed to lead and grow under market conditions that will demand unprecedented integration, breadth and flexibility.
  • Because in our industry, to stand still is to fall behind.
outline12
Outline
  • Organizational Structure
  • Introduction
  • Criteria
  • Alternatives
  • Hierarchy
  • Conclusion
main criteria
Main Criteria
  • Ability to Improve Financial Performance
  • Ability to Evolve Company
  • Ability to Integrate
outline17
Outline
  • Organizational Structure
  • Introduction
  • Criteria
  • Alternatives
  • Hierarchy
  • Conclusion
alternatives
Alternatives
  • Should they Merge? YES
  • Should they Not Merge? NO
outline19
Outline
  • Organizational Structure
  • Introduction
  • Criteria
  • Alternatives
  • Hierarchy
  • Conclusion
outline21
Outline
  • Organizational Structure
  • Introduction
  • Criteria
  • Alternatives
  • Hierarchy
  • Analysis & Recommendations
  • Conclusion
results
Results

NO 53.4%

YES 46.6%

Based on the M&A criteria recommended by our domain experts, HP and Compaq should not have merged

sensitivity analysis
Sensitivity Analysis

To change the final outcome…

  • Ability to Improve Financial Performance must increase from 46.6 to 55.7 or a 19.5% change
  • Ability to Evolve Company must decrease from 35.8 to 27.8 or a -22.3% change
  • Ability to Integrate does not affect the decision

Overall, the final answer is not very sensitive to any of the criteria

outline24
Outline
  • Organizational Structure
  • Introduction
  • Criteria
  • Alternatives
  • Hierarchy
  • Analysis & Recommendations
  • Conclusion
what happened
What Happened?
  • They did manage to save $3 billion with the merger, successfully accomplishing their main goal of reducing costs of $2.1 billion
  • However, that came at the price of firing 44,000 employees over the last 3 years
    • Original estimate: 15,000-17,000
conclusions
Conclusions

Based on the criteria the HP and Compaq merger should not have gone through. Problems with integration as well as evolving the company can be forecasted through the AHP process we have shown here today.

mark hurd hp s new c e o
Mark Hurd: HP’s New C.E.O.

Mark Hurd, a former president at NCR corporation, where he spent 25 years; was appointed C.E.O. and president of Hewlett-Packard on March 29, 2005.

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