The Formation of Jewish Institutions in Latin America. Religious Organizations Burial Societies Synagogues Class-based Organizations Mutual Aid Societies Political Organizations Cultural Organizations Zionist. Argentina.
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Initially, Jews tended to congregate near the downtown, in the Plaza Lavalle. This became the home of the Templo Libertad, the place where peddlers and small shops abounded, and also where prostitution became prevalent.
Prior to the purchase of land for Jewish cemeteries, Jews were usually buried in plots designated for “disidentes” or non-Catholics
In 1900 the Moroccan Jewish community purchased land south of Buenos Aires in Avellaneda, and close to it the Jewish Cemetery owned by a white slave society opened up as their members could not be buried in other Jewish cemeteries
The Chevra Kaduscha petitioned in 1896 for permission to buy land. First property purchased in 1910 in Liniers, at the western edge of the city. Another Kehillah in the province opened a Jewish cemetery in Lomas de Zamora in 1912 and the following year Sephardic Jews also purchased land in Lomas de Zamora to bury their dead.
At the same time that the Kehillah was founded, the first mutual aid society, the Bikur Joilim was founded in 1894
Sociedad Ezrah followed in 1900. The gathering of funds to build a Jewish hospital became the explicit purpose of the Ezrah . The hospital opened in 1916
1916 the Liga Israelita Argentina contra la Tuberculosis began to provide free medical care for patients, and they owned a rest home in the mountains of Córdoba province where they welcomed non-Jews as well as Jews
Soprotimis, the Sociedad de Protección a los Inmigrantes Israelitas, founded in 1922, met Jewish immigrants at the port and helped them get settled
That same year a communal kitchen called the “Cocina Popular” opened to feed Jewish indigents without costs to them.
Began just as large number of Jews had recently arrived in Argentina
Argentine economy greatly impacted by World War I
Although Argentina neutral, it encountered great difficulty sending its major exports to Europe: beef, wheat, mutton
Coal miner’s strike in Great Britain disastrous for Argentina. At that point Argentina had no coal mines, and had only recently discovered petroleum. Coal often arrived in Argentina as ballast for merchant ships. Lack of fossil fuels made it difficult to adapt to the economic stress, and the rate of unemployment and poverty soared.
Jewish mutual aid societies confronted by constantly increased requests for aid. Almost 1700 poor families approached the Chevrah Kaduscha looking for work, food, or shelter.
By 1927 people began requesting aid to leave Argentina.—Just before the world wide depression created even more economic distress, and the economy did not improve until the mid 1930s.
The General Jewish Workers' Union of Lithuania, Poland and Russia was organized in 1897 at the inaugural congress the Jewish Social-Democratic groups in Vilna. It was an association mainly of petty-bourgeois Jewish artisans of Russia's western regions.
During the First World War (1914-18) the Bundists took an aggressively patriotic stand. In 1917 the Bund came out in support of the Russian Provisional Government. During the foreign military intervention and civil war in Russia, the group's leaders aided the white armies, though the members of the union were agitating in favor of collaboration with the Soviet government. In March 1921 the Bund concluded to dissolve itself and some of its members joined the Russian Communist Party.