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Seamless Handoff in Personal Area Networks. Ben Cheung Duke Nguyen December 12, 2003. Presentation Outline. General Overview Design Test Cases Performance and Experimental Results Future work to be done. What is a Personal Area Network?.

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seamless handoff in personal area networks

Seamless Handoff in Personal Area Networks

Ben Cheung

Duke Nguyen

December 12, 2003

presentation outline
Presentation Outline
  • General Overview
  • Design
  • Test Cases
  • Performance and Experimental Results
  • Future work to be done
what is a personal area network
What is a Personal Area Network?
  • A personal area network (PAN) is a computer network used for communication among computer devices close to one person.
  • The device may or may not belong to the person in question. A key capability for a PAN is to enable devices to autonomously detect and acquire one another
  • Wireless PANs can be made possible with network technologies such as IrDA, Bluetooth, and 802.11.
what is seamless handoff
What is seamless handoff?
  • End-to-end IP continuity without failures in the midst of a download activity due to link outages or handovers
  • A vertical roaming scheme for switching across alternative wireless technologies (e.g., WiFi, WPAN and cellular)
  • Ensures a successful termination of a data transfer even when:
    • The underlying link connections are damaged or disrupted due to the device mobility
    • A mobile user passes through different alternative wireless technologies
seamless handoff goals
Seamless Handoff Goals
  • Continuous connectivity
  • Low latency
  • Minimum packet loss
  • Minimum infrastructural modifications
horizontal and vertical handoffs
Horizontal and Vertical Handoffs
  • Horizontal
    • When the two network access points are based on the same wireless link technology
    • The link is damaged or disrupted solely due to device mobility
  • Vertical
    • When the two network access points are based on different wireless technologies
    • Moving to an area covered by a different wireless technology
example horizontal vs vertical handoff
Example Horizontal vs. Vertical Handoff
  • Horizontal
    • User has a laptop with a standard 802.11 network card.
    • He walks from SEAS to CS UCLA department and continues to have internet access.
  • Vertical
    • User has a laptop with 802.11 network card and a 1xRTT card.
    • He connects to the Internet using 802.11 while indoors, but when he steps outside he is seamlessly handed off to a 1xRTT connection automatically.
example scenario
Example scenario
  • Joe Shmoe is downloading a large 30 GB video in Boelter Hall.
  • During the transfer, he decides to grab lunch in North Campus.
  • He doesn’t want to stop the download, and at the same time, he doesn’t want to leave his laptop behind.
  • What does he do?
example scenario cont
Example scenario (cont.)
  • Joe Shmoe connects his laptop to a handoff server
  • Now, he can bring his laptop with him to North Campus, and the download will be continuous.
  • How is this done?
example scenario cont10
Example scenario (cont.)
  • The handoff server freezes the download activity at the session layer when horizontal and/or vertical handoffs are detected.
  • This permits the download to continue as if it were constantly connected to the Internet, despite roaming across different wireless networks.
handoff diagram
Handoff Diagram

Internet

Virtual Private Network

(VPN)

Handoff Server

handoff diagram12
Handoff Diagram

Internet

VPN

Handoff Server

Bluetooth

test scenarios
Test Scenarios
  • Horizontal Handoff
    • Switch from static IP address to dynamic IP address DHCP in a different network/subnet and vice versa
    • 1 Laptop using 802.11
    • UCLA CS Department
    • wget http://download.microsoft.com/download/speechSDK/SDK/5.1/WXP/EN-US/speechsdk51.exe
    • 68 MB file
  • Vertical Handoff
    • Switch from wired ethernet to Bluetooth, switch at 180s, and vice versa
    • 1 Laptop using 100 Mbps ethernet and Xircom Bluetooth adapter
    • UCLA CS Department
    • wget http://download.microsoft.com/download/speechSDK/SDK/5.1/WXP/EN-US/speechsdk51.exe
    • 68 MB File
test scenarios cont
Test Scenarios (cont.)
  • Vertical Handoff
    • Switch from 1xRTT to 802.11, switch at 60s, and vice versa
    • 1 Laptop using standard 802.11 and Aircard 1xRTT card
    • UCLA CS Department
    • wget http://download.microsoft.com/download/speechSDK/SDK/5.1/WXP/EN-US/speechsdk51.exe
    • 68 MB File
performance data
Performance Data

Still User, 1 interruption, 802.11 static -> dynamic IP different network/subnet (Avg throughput = 549.39 KB/s), switch at 60s

performance data16
Performance Data

Still User, 1 interruption, 802.11 dynamic -> static IP different network/subnet (Avg throughput = 553.74 KB/s), switch at 60s

performance data17
Performance Data

Still User, 1 interruption, 1xRTT-> 802.11 different network/subnet (Avg throughput = 291.98 KB/s), switch at 60s

performance data18
Performance Data

Still User, 1 interruption, 802.11 -> 1xRTT different network/subnet (Avg throughput = 66.08 KB/s), switch at 60s

performance data19
Performance Data

Still User, 1 interruption, Wired Ethernet -> Bluetooth (Avg Throughput = 197 KB/s) switch at 180s.

performance data20
Performance Data

Still User, 1 interruption, Bluetooth -> Wired Ethernet (Avg Throughput = 190 KB/s) switch at 180s.

performance analysis
Performance Analysis
  • Handoffs were transparent to the user
  • Congestion window behavior as expected
  • Throughput remained consistent
  • File integrity maintained
  • VPN connection to handoff server maintained with tunnel security
future work to be done
Future Work to be Done
  • Optimizations
  • Scalability Testing
  • Analysis
summary
Summary
  • Seamless Handoff: Continuous connectivity, low latency, minimal infrastructural modifications
  • Horizontal and vertical handoff scenarios tested
  • Measured/evaluated performance of data transmission in different PAN scenarios
references
References
  • Mark Stemm, Randy H. Katz, " Vertical Handoffs in Wireless Overlay Networks," Mobile Networks and Applications, 1996.
  • R. Hsieh, Zhe Guang Zhou, A. Seneviratne, " S-MIP: a seamless handoff architecture for mobile IP," In Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM 2003.
  • V. Ghini, G. Pau, P. Salomoni, M. Roccetti, M. Gerla, " Smart Download on the Go: A Wireless Internet Application for Music Distribution over Heterogeneous Networks, " Submitted to ICC2004, Paris.
  • Pangalos, P.A.; Boukis, K.; Burness, L.; Brookland, A.; Beauchamps, C.; Aghvami, A.H., " End-to-end SIP based real time application adaptation during unplanned vertical handovers, " Global Telecommunications Conference, 2001. GLOBECOM '01. IEEE , Volume: 6 , 25-29 Nov. 2001 Page(s): 3488 -3493.