India Inc In Downturn A Student Perspective
“Innovation distinguishes between a leader and a follower.” - Steve Jobs
Innovation Ayush Jain B. Tech : IT , IIITM M.B.A : Marketing , IIITM He spends most of his time reading on subjects related to marketing, leadership and motivation. He takes keen interest in observing positioning and advertisements of brands. His mantra ‘Whatever we do, we have a very short window to make the right impression, so always be prepared’.
Some factors leading to the evolution of Innovation during recession Change in consumer mindset Effects on various brands Source: Stephen M.Shapiro; 24/7 Innovation
Work Done at our Institute Innovation removes internal weaknesses Innovation removes strategical weaknesses Innovation removes environmental weaknesses Successful steer through the downturn Source: “C Innovation Hierarchy, A Model for creating an innovative organization”; Ayush Jain, a student of 2010 batch, ABV-IIITM, Gwalior
Creating an innovative organization‘C’ Innovation Hierarchy Environmental weaknesses Strategical weaknesses Internal weaknesses Source: “C Innovation Hierarchy: A Model for creating an innovative organization”, Ayush Jain, a student of 2010 batch, ABV-IIITM, Gwalior
Indian Financial System : Downturn Dineesha Ch. B. Tech : IT , IIITM M.B.A : Finance , IIITM Dineesha with her excellent oratory skills has always succeeded in impressing her audience. With her strong analytical skills, she has won case study contests. She has cleared several groups of Actuarial Science Paper Series and looks forward to make a career in the same.
Reasons for Isolation: Financial Regulations Indian Scenario USScenario Total dependency on wholesale funds Off balance sheet items not considered Real Estate allowed to grow • Incremental credit deposit ratio of banks • Both on and off balance sheet items taken into account • Channelizing money supply Eg: Real Estate Sector
Financial Regulations Reasons for Isolation: Financial Regulations India Scenario US Scenario No regulation on investment banks CDO’s , MBS • Regulation of Non-banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) • Cautious introduction of derivative instruments “A NEW DYNAMIC CREDIT RISK RATING APPROACH BY IMPROVISING BINOMIAL EXPANSION TECHNIQUES and CREDITMETRICS TECHNIQUES “, ISHA. IIM Calcultta.
Impact on India Reasons : • Large Selling by FIIs • High inflation • Credit Crunch Impact : • Fall in the external value of rupee, especially vis-a-vis the US dollar • Decline in foreign exchange reserves held by the RBI • Decline in the stock market indices • Retarding growth of financial-services industry --- Cautious investors active in equities, mutual funds and insurance products over the pre-crisis period drove back to safer bank deposits “Global Currency Hedging using Financial Time Series”, Sohar Universty ; Shweta
Correlation of FII and Stock Markets VolatileFII Source: “Global Financial Crisis and its impact on Indian Economy “, Institute of International Trade
Foreign Investment Stable FDI ($27.3 billion in 2008-09) “Macroeconomic Variables leading to increase in FDI flows” , Rachna “Role of FDI investment in boosting up GDP” , Aditya Arora Source: “Global Financial Crisis and its impact on Indian Economy “, Institute of International Trade
Emigration (so-called brain drain) • Remittances from overseas Indians • Record of $46.4 billion in 2008-09, up from $43.5 billion the previous year • The 2008-09 flow was 4% of GDP • Emigration provided a huge balance of payments cushion
RBI Measures • Easy fiscal and monetary policy • Stimulus Packages amounting to 3% of GDP 1. Additional public spending 2. capital expenditure, government guaranteed funds for infrastructure spending 2. Cuts in indirect taxes 3. Additional support to exporters
So resilient was India's performance that the very foreign investors who had withdrawn $12 billion in 2008, flooded back into Indian stock markets at the rate of $1billion per week in May 2009.
Six Sigma In Telecommunications AdityaArora B. Tech : IT , IIITM M.B.A : Finance , IIITM Aditya aspires to make a career as financial analyst. He has already cleared the CFA Level I exam and is looking forward to the next level. Also he successfully organized the institute’s national level cultural fest ‘Aurora 08’ single handedly ensuring its financial soundness.
Application of Six Sigma in Telecom Sector Flows In Idea Cellular Material Money Man Information FMEA of FOS,TSM, ASM,Distributor, Runner,BEE FMEA of Material Movement FMEA of Claim Settlement FMEA of Target setting, New Product Information Flow, Change in Existing Product Information Flow
Methodology of Six Sigma Implementation Definition Phase:- Survey of 140 Retailers of Jaipur and Alwar. Measurement Phase:- AS IS Process Measured Analysis Phase:-Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) Designing Phase:-Loopholes Identified and ‘TO BE’ processes designed Verification Phase:-TO BE given to process owners.
The Search of a Problem Definition Phase:- Market Survey of Idea Jaipur Retailers 1st Preference IN TERMS OF ABSOLUTE VALUES IN TERMS OF % SAMPLE SIZE: 120 Idea retailers with low counter share
WHY IDEA HAD NO PREFFERANCE AMONG RETAILERS? • Issues related to plans • Very frequent changes in plans. • Complicated to understand by Retailer as well as customer. • Higher tariffs. • STD rates are high as compared to other services. • Plans are difficult to negotiate • Change for Rs.11 and Rs 29 RCV • Low margins for retailers as compared with other service providers. • Variations in rate of SIM in the same market.
Major market observation about IDEA!!! • Some retailers were selling 3 or 2 Sims for free to complete their sales target & suggested to throw it after using Rs.10/- from it • Most of the A-class retailers were not branded with Idea POPs • As per the voice of retailers idea charges Rs 50 for V-TOP whereas Airtel and Vodafone don’t charge • CAF documents norms are not easy as per competition
Measurement and Analysis Phase Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA)
Design Phase • The Effects in the FMEA rated on the scale of 10 based on Severity, Occurrence and Detection • The RPN number was arrived at by multiplying the S, O ,D ratings. • The activities with high RPN number were subjected to Change, Automation, Scrapping or Modification in the all flows. • The Formats of data given to the distributors were made simpler. • Less frequent visits of TSM had high RPN ratings so proformas were given to TSMs to record their visits to retailers
Key Features of the Project and the Result • Improved Brand Penetration traslating into Increase in subscriber base by 2.2% in merely two months. • Improved Maintenance of Towers (BTS)-resulting in increase of N/W availability 99.38% to 99.43% • Closed Circuit Distributor Follow up Mechanism was devised that resulted in well lubricated sales and distribution channel. • Decrease in non transacting outlet by 23% in two months. • Reduction in Low Utilization (LUT) sites by 12% in two months. • A Six Sigma Black Belt Project that bagged Idea Excellence Award recently.
VoIP AlokAgarwal M.Tech: Advanced Networking, IIITM Areas of Interest : Wireless Broadband, Cyber law. Alokhas good command in linuxand extraordinary coding skills. Pallavi M.Tech: Advanced Networking, IIITM Areas of Interest : Mobile Computing, Wireless Technology
VoIP: A Wise Investment for Business • VoIP - "industry of the decade," - IBISWorld. • The industry earned that accolade because of its 1,655 percent • growth rate between 2000 and 2009. • Businesses are always looking for ways to increase their • competitiveness by : • cutting costs • improving their value proposition • requiring their staff to work more efficiently • Google Plans Google Voice Enhancements: • Google Voice adding full VoIP initiation capabilities to its Web- activated calling services
VoIP Overview • Conversion of sound into digital signal • Encapsulation in IP packet • Transport over network • De-encapsulation and reconversion of digital signal into sound
Voice over IP Public telephone network Plain old telephone Gateway IP telephone or computer running VoIP software Internet
WiMAX Highlights • Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access • Is a certification mark for products that pass conformity and interoperability tests for the IEEE 802.16 • Speed : Faster than broadband service • Wireless : Not having to lay cables reduces cost • Easier to extend to suburban and rural areas • Broad coverage : Much wider coverage than WiFi hot spots
Optimization Aspect of rtPS In rtPS following points are taken into consideration: 1. Optimization of Uplink resources. 2. Optimization of Access delay. 3. Optimization of MAC overhead for supporting VoIP services with variable data rate and silence suppression. Parameters Utilized: 1. Resource Utilization 2. VoIP Capacity 3. Total Throughput 4. Packet Transmission Delay
Implementation Aspects • More traffic is handled with better efficiency • Improved QoS attracts the users for availing better services. • Rapid Deployment • High Speed data rate • High Scalability • Lower Maintenance and Upgradation Cost
Cloud Computing Deepak Raj B. Tech : IT , IIITM M. Tech : Cloud Computing , IIITM Deepak is the little master of technical know-how. He won All India Reliance programming contest. He has a passion for technology and is always eager to learn. He likes to work on the latest in the field and stays always updated on the developments.
Cloud computing is the provision of dynamically scalable and often virtualized resources as a service over the Internet on a utility basis Cloud Computing offers a way for people to expand their local computing power on to the, seemingly, infinite processing power of the Internet
What is a cloud? • a type of parallel and distributed system • consists of a collection of inter-connected and virtualized computers • presented as one or more unified computing resource(s) • based on service-level agreements
Cost Reduction of Processor M. Tech : VLSI , IIITM
A Glance on the new DQWRTDMOSFET device which can reduces the cost of processor • As the technology scaled down the cost of the processor increases in terms of power . • At 45nm technology almost saturation is there scaling of the devices . • DQWRTDMOSFET is new device which saves the Moor's law by reducing the power consumption at same technology node. • We can save 30 percent power and increases the processor speed 15 percent faster then conventional processor.
Hardware Equipments/boards Available in LAB • Universal CPLD/FPGA XC 9572 TM, 15C/XC2S50 TM, 5C • Xilinx Spartan-III FPGA System XC3S200 TM • Spartan-II FPGA Trainer XC2S50 TM, 5C • CPLD Xilinx XC 9572 TM • Spartan-III XC 3S400 TM (DSP Application) • Altium Nanoboard
Conclusion • DQWRTDMOSFET has been developed at VLSI laboratory(ABV-IIITM) ,it is verified like industry environment that what we have. • Processor speedup more than 15 percent so it can use for home appliances like washing machine. • Working environment comparable with industry training period can skip and count one year as experience.
Free/Open Source Software Rahul Kala B. Tech : IT , IIITM M. Tech : Soft Computing , IIITM Rahul Kala is the president of the SFOSS. He has more research papers to his credit than what you can expect at this age. He is authoring a book in collaboration with Prof. AnupamShukla.
Free/Open Source Software The freedom to run it, change it, redistribute it, improve and release it User has the access to the ‘code’