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Challenges in the Contemporary Peacekeeping Environment A Personal Perspective 21 September 2011 Presented by Lieutenant Colonel Paul Armitage MBE. Development, Concepts and Doctrine Centre. CONTEMPORARY ENVIRONMENT. Why now? Remove ambiguity

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Challenges in the Contemporary Peacekeeping EnvironmentA Personal Perspective21 September 2011Presented by Lieutenant Colonel Paul Armitage MBE

Development, Concepts and Doctrine Centre

contemporary environment
CONTEMPORARY ENVIRONMENT
  • Why now?
  • Remove ambiguity
  • Remind ourselves of the differences between current operations and peacekeeping
  • Reflect better the contemporary environment
peacekeeping

PEACEKEEPING

Is the technique designed to support the implementation of a ceasefire or peace agreement, however fragmented, where major hostility has halted, and to assist in implementing agreements achieved by the peacemakers.

peacekeeping peace enforcement relationship
PEACEKEEPING / PEACE ENFORCEMENT RELATIONSHIP

Peace

Enforcement

Multidimensional

Peacekeeping

Benign

Coercive

Military Approach

peace enforcement

PEACE ENFORCEMENT

.. involves the application of a range of coercive measures, including the use of military force. Such actions are authorised to restore international peace and security in situations where the Security Council has determined the existence of a threat to the peace..

UN Peacekeeping Guidelines: 2008

robust peacekeeping the requirements
ROBUST PEACEKEEPING(the requirements)

Domestic political will to implement the mandate

Understanding of why you’re there

Understanding the environment

Resourced and trained appropriately

An agile and effective chain of command

The ability and willingness to act

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Conflict Prevention

Conflict

Peace Enforcement

Cease-fire

Peacekeeping

Peacemaking

Peace Building

Political

Process

peacekeeping principles
PEACEKEEPING PRINCIPLES

Consent

Impartiality

Minimum Force for Self Defence and Implementation of the Mandate

Political Primacy

Legitimacy

Cause no Harm – Conflict-Sensitive Activity

An Integrated Approach

implications for the military
IMPLICATIONS FOR THE MILITARY

Understanding

The political environment

The operating environment

Partners (collaborative working)

The need for a posture that deters acts against the agreement / ceasefire / mandate

Protection of civilians

challenges facing china
CHALLENGES FACING CHINA

Willingness to conduct robust peacekeeping:

Interference versus impartiality

Authorise the use force to implement the mandate

Willingness to accept casualties

Ability to conduct robust peacekeeping:

Decentralised command

Capability

Ability to integrate with other actors

Ability to capture lessons learned

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www.mod.uk/dcdc

paul.armitage457@mod.uk