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Biography of Gabriel García Márquez & ‘Magical Realism’ and the ‘Boom’. By: Shanel Chisholm Madhavika Gopal Daniel Schwapp. Gabriel García Márquez.
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1. Love in the Time of Cholera
2. Autumn of the Patriarch
3. One Hundred Years of Solitude
4. Chronicle of a Death Foretold etc,
Most of his novels are related to some aspect of Márquez’s life. Chronicle of a Death Foretold is base on a murder that took place in Sucre in 1951. Santigo’s character is based on one of Márquez’s childhood friends, Cayetano Gentile Chimento.
Márquez’s grandmother DoñaTranquilinaIguarán Cotes influenced his writing tremendously. As a child his grandmother told him stores of ghosts, premonitions ( strong feelings that something is about to happen), omen andportent (a sign that something is likely to happen).
Why is Magical Realism used?
- Magical Realism rose in popularity during the time of the ‘boom’. This form of telling a story makes people want to read more. It brings about a connection between real life and fantasy. Also, it was used as an educational tool.
There are many example of Magical Realism in the novel.
Xius died because of sadness, “He was healthier than the rest of us, but when you listened with the stethoscope you could hear the tears bubbling inside his heart” (37).
“So he put the knife in his hand and dragged him off almost by force in search of their sister's lost honour.” There's no way out of this," he told him. "It's as if it had already happened.”They left by way of the pigpen gate with the knives unwrapped, trailed by the uproar of the dogs in the yards.”(61)
“In addition, the dogs, aroused by the smell of death, increased the uneasiness. They hadn't stopped howling since I went into the house, when Santiago Nasar was still in his death throes in the kitchen and I found DivinaFlor weeping in great howls and holding them off with a stick."Help me," she shouted to me. "What they want is to eat his guts.”We locked them up in the stable. PlácidaLinero later ordered them taken to some place far off until after the funeral. But toward noon, no one knew how, they escaped from where they were and burst madly into the house. PlácidaLinero, just once, lost her grip."Those shitty dogs!" she shouted. "Kill them!””(74)
“They pushed open the door to the courtyard, surrounded by the dogs, who recognised them in the half light of dawn, and they greeted PrudenciaCotes's mother in the kitchen.”(62)