5. Habit 5: Seek First to Understand, Then Be Understood. What is the opposite of seeking first to understand?. “You’ve spent years learning to read and write and years learning how to speak. But what about listening? ” Stephen Covey. Consider….
5 Habit 5: Seek First to Understand, Then Be Understood
“You’ve spent years learning to read and write and years learning how to speak. But what about listening?” • Stephen Covey
Consider… • Is there anyone in your life who is a good listener? • How do they listen? • What makes you think of them as having this skill?
Becoming an Effective Listener • Stop talking. • Don’t interrupt. • Ask questions. • Stay constructive. • Look, act, and be interested. • Seek first to understand, then be understood. • Be sensitive to the speaker’s feelings, and try to appreciate their point of view.
Listening & Leadership Listening is a critical leadership skill. It: • Improves morale • Builds respect and trust • Fosters collaboration and learning • Helps to prevent and resolve conflict
How we listen Normally we listen “autobiographically” • Our own personal filters are on. • We are concerned with the impact of what is being said on our own lives. • We fail to step into the shoes of the person speaking.
Autobiographical responses • Evaluate: agree or disagree • Probe: ask questions from your frame of reference • Advise: give counsel and solutions based on your experience • Interpret: explain motives and behaviors of others based on your own motives and behaviors
Genuine listening means suspending memory, desire, and judgment—and for a few moments, at least, existing for the other person. -- Michael P. Nichols
Basic Empathic Listening Skills • Rephrase content • Reflect feeling • Ask questions for better understanding
Rephrase Content • Maria: This project is driving me crazy. I don’t know if I’m going to get it finished before I go home for my sister’s wedding. • Josephine: It sounds like you have some deadlines you are trying to meet.
Partner Activity • If no gloves are available, should health care workers (HCW) still draw blood, manage deliveries, etc., i.e., without gloves? • HCWs who test HIV-positive should not be allowed to work in the hospital. • Women who are HIV-positive should not have children. • HCWs should be allowed to refuse to take care of HIV-positive patients if they wish. • Pregnant patients should not have a choice about HIV testing; it should be mandatory.
Reflect Feeling • Maria: This project is driving me crazy. I don’t know if I’m going to get it finished before I go home for my sister’s wedding. • Josephine: Maria, you sound a bit worried.
Mix both! • Maria: This project is driving me crazy. I don’t know if I’m going to get it finished before I go home for my sister’s wedding. • Josephine: Maria, you sound a bit worried about some deadlines you are trying to meet.
Ask Questions for Better Understanding • You’re frustrated by your daughter’s lack of respect. Is that right? It seems like you’re pretty upset with Mario. Is that what’s bothering you? Anything else?
Group Activity • SPEAKER: “One thing I know about myself as a leader is . . .” • LISTENER: “Do you mean that . . .?”