Please update your information!! CONSTANTLY!!!!. www.bookdepository.co.uk www.amazon.com www.amazon.co.uk www.libreriauniversitaria.it www.abebook.com (LIBRI USATI). NORTON WEBSITES. http://www.wwnorton.com/college/english/nael/. http://www.wwnorton.com/literature.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
www.abebook.com (LIBRI USATI)
Here lies Raphael; the mother of all things (Nature) feared to be overcome by him while he was living, and while he was dying, she feared death
1450 Johannes Gutenberg prints a Bible with movable types
1485 Henry VII, the first Tudor king, ascends the throne
1492 Discovery of America
1499 Desiderius Erasmus travels to England; meets Thomas More
1509 Henry VIII ascends the throne
1516 Thomas More, Utopia; Ludovico Ariosto, Orlando Furioso
1513 Niccolò Machiavelli, The Prince
1527 Martin Luther’s ninety-five theses
1534 Act of Supremacy
1543 Copernicus, On the Revolution of the Spheres
1547 Edward VI ascends the throne
1553 Mary Tudor ascends the throne
1558 Elizabeth I ascends the throne
Under his rule England enjoyed a fairly long spell of unbroken peace and prosperity:
Tudor Grammar Schools with their more or less uniform curricula had established the possibility of loyalty to a community of the educated laity.
His accession was welcomed by humanists scholars, Erasmus of Rotterdam at their head, as the beginning of a new Golden Age. Henry received classicaleducation from John Skelton.
He was a typical Renaissance princewho maintained a magnificent court as he liked music and dancing; he was a poet and athlete. He was also a great patron of the arts and intellectuals. Yet he was cruel and executed all those who displeased him.
He spent money on warship and guns, making the English fighting fleetthe best in Europe.
Henry VIII died in 1574 and was succeeded by his nine years old son Edward, an invalid. King Edward continued his father’s moves towardsEnglish Protestantismunder guidance of his two advisors, his uncle, the idealist Seymour, and the ambitious John, Earl of Warwick. He was also helped by Archbishop Cranmer, who wroteTheBook of Common Prayer. a Protestant catechism and prayer book, was issued and church services in England instead of Latin were made obligatory. TheBook of Common Prayer replaced the Latin missal, it was introduced in 1549 and revised several times until 1975. It is considered alandmark of English prose.
She was the daughter of Catherine of Aragon and the wife of Philip II of Spain.
During her reign Puritans were put to death. The celebration of Puritan martyrs had survived in John Foxe’s Book of Martyrs (1562-63), whilst the Catholic queen for he intolerance as for religious matters became popularly known as Bloody Mary. A great amount of executions was carried out under her orders, 300 Protestants were burned at the stake, including her father’s friends Latimer and Cramner.
A critical time of English history. England was under constant threat of its Catholic enemies, Spain in particular.
Elizabeth managed to steer the Church of England between the two extremes of Catholicism on the one hand, and strongly radical forms of Protestantism – in the form of Puritanism – on the other.
The religious compromise granted internal peace and enabled England to increase wealth and commercial power
He was the son of Mary Stuart and her second husband, Lord Darnley. He became the first of the Stuart kings in England, ruling both countries as James VI of Scotland and James I of England.
He showed a belief in the divine right of kings to rule. And in the subjection of Parliament to the king’s will; he also insisted on strict conformity to the rites of the Anglican Church. This excluded both Catholics and Puritans from government, since conformity to the Church of England was required to hold public offices.
The Arnolfini Portrait