Implementing Distance Learning Courses at Low Cost José M. da Silva
“the unapologetic use of minimum levels of technology, carefully chosen with precise attention to their advantages and limitations, in support of well-defined instructional objectives (…) to get to know the easy-to-use technologies and make the very best use of them.” Marie (Mauri) Collins (1994) Technological Minimalism
“Maybe the best term is not ‘minimalism,’ but ‘technological sufficientism’: to adopt enough technology to meet the established learning goals; not more than enough – but no less either. We must not underestimate the power of technology; the power to make things easier, and the power to make things more difficult. It is a double-edged knife: it cuts on both sides – and it can cut on the undesired side. From my observation and personal experience, I understand that the most powerful combination is that one which unites simple technology with pedagogical sophistication. And the most deadly combination to learning is that one which unites technological sophistication with pedagogical simplicity. Not even the combination of technological sophistication and pedagogical sophistication yields better results than the combination of technological simplicity and pedagogical sophistication.” Wilson Azevedo
What it takes... ► Selecting the coordinator of the program. ► Selecting the IT professional. ► Acquiring or configuring the equipment (servers, computers, hosting, software). ► Selecting the LMS (Learning Management System). ► Deciding on the courses to be offered. ► Hiring the material designer (s). ► Creating course materials. ► Hiring and, if necessary, training teachers. ► Implementing the course (s). ► Selecting the coordinator of the program. ► Deciding on the courses to be offered. ► Hiring the material designer (s). ► Creating course materials. ► Hiring and, if necessary, training teachers. ► Implementing the course (s).
Possible solutions ● Discussion List + Blog redundant resources ● Free LMS [Learning Management System] [Sistema de Gestión del Aprendizaje] [Plataforma de Teleformación] http://moodle.org/http://www.teleduc.org.br/ MSN, Orkut, podcasts, wiki
FORUM ► Interaction: Learner-Teacher / Teacher-Learner / Learner(s)-Learner(s) ► Activities: Individual / Pairs / Groups Deadlines Research Webquests / Scavenger Hunt Chat / Blog / Orkut M1 S1 M2 S2 M3 S3 M4 S1 M5 S4 M6 S3 ► Teacher`s Response: 24 to 48 hours / Text weaving TM 1 ► Virtual Pedagogy ► Assessment Forum: 40 % Content: 60 % Guidelines
Configuration: List + Blog Configuration: Free LMS 2nd Class [Translation Techniques] 10 students* 8 (80%) pass 0 (0%) fail 2 (20%) dropouts 1st Class – Semantics 4 students 4 (100%) pass 0 (0%) fail 0 (0%) dropouts 2nd Class – Academic Writing 15 students 11 (73.3%) pass 1 (6,7%) fail 3 (20%) dropouts 3 classes – Various [New Technologies] [Academic Writing] [The World of Comics] 20 students** 11 (55%) pass 1 (5%) fail 8 (40%) dropouts *5 students from previous configuration **2 students from previous configuration
What courses to teach on-line? ● In principle, any. ● Languages courses might require a better equipment for listening/speaking. Skype / MSN + webcam Reference: CUKIERMAN, J. et al. (2009) Tecnología Educativa. Buenos Aires: Prentice Hall – Pearson Education.