Myth, history and science in Kos. Maria Botsivali. 35th Annual Meeting of the European Environmental Mutagen Society Kos, 3 – 7 July 2005. EEMS2005. Heraclitus ~500 B.C. Pythagoras 550 – 480 B.C. Thales ? – 547 B.C. “I will send you to school in Ionia…”. Elytis
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35th Annual Meeting of the
European Environmental Mutagen Society
Kos, 3 – 7 July 2005
550 – 480 B.C.
? – 547 B.C.
“I will send you to school in Ionia…”
(poet, Nobel laurate,
André Thevet (16th cent.): “Kos with its gardens and the fine fragrance of its flowers is heaven on earth”
Eustathios (12th cent.): “The food that one cannot find in Kos, cannot find even in Egypt”
Short history of Kos
Prehistoric to classical era
Inhabited since 2900 B.C.
Mycenaean era (1600-1150 B.C.)
Participation in Trojan war with thirty ships
Hellenistic period – its brightest period
Occupied by the order of Ioannite Knights (Knights of St. John) (1314-1523)
Turkish domination (1523-1912)
Italian domination (1912-1943)
(Centaur, plant healer, surgeon)
18th descendant of Asclepios
God of medicine
lance / knife)
“the one walking among the lilies”)
sea lilly from Kos coast
His emblem is the caduceus:
a staff (tree of life) with a snake (wisdom and earth) coiled round it –
not poisonous, but curing.
Punished by Zeus who changed him into the constellation of the Ophiuchos (“snake holder”)
Books: DIET (nutrition, all foods, all herbs)
AIRS, WATERS and PLACES (environment)
“The changes of nature are extremely important”
“Nature is the healer of disease”
“All fresh foods are more dynamic because are nearer to life”
“This, or something very like this, is the truth.”
Epicharmos (540-450 B.C.): dramatist, the first comic writer, philosopher
Plato used to sleep with his words under his pillow
“The mind sees and the mind hears, the rest are blind and deaf”
Philetas (330- 285 B.C.): Poet and scholar, founder of the Alexandrian school of Literature and Poetry. Tutor of Ptolemy II the Philadelphos, who was also born in Kos.
He died because he could not solve the sophists’ riddle known as the Liar
Theocritus (310-245 B.C.): Bucolic poet, born in Syracuse of a Koan father, lived some years in Kos. He wrote the Idylls
Herondas(3rd century BC): Poet, inventor of mime iambic poetry. His IV mime describes a scene of two women sacrificing a rooster in the Asclepeion of Kos and admiring the paintings of Apelles (Antigonos and Aphrodite Anadyomeni – rising from the sea)
Apelles (352-308 B.C.): Greatest painter of ancient Greece. Painter of Alexander the Great
Boticcelli, inspired by the descriptions of Apelles‘ Aphrodite, created his own Aphrodite emerging from the water
“Life is short, art is long, occasion sudden and dangerous, experience deceitful, judgment difficult”
“Ars longa, vita brevis”
“Eat progress with its peel and with its seeds”
Kosmos (“κόσμος” – ornament)