STARTER Identify the correct HRF or SRF component… 1. The range of movement at a joint. Which component? A: Flexibility 2. The time it takes to respond to a stimulus. Which component? A: Reaction Time 3. The ability to apply a combination of strength & speed. Which component? A: Power 4. Is the ability of the muscles to move weight over a long period without tiring and losing effectiveness. Which component? A: Muscular Endurance 5: The ability to exercise the entire body for long periods of time. A: Cardiovascular Fitness
Topic 1.1.3 and 1.14 Exercise and Fitness Sports Participation Pyramid and PARQ
Learning Objectives . . . By the end of this lesson should be able to… • Explain using examples the different stages of the sports participation pyramid • Link fitness tests to components of HRF and SRF • Create a questionnaire and assess your current level of readiness for physical activity
The Pyramid The sports participation pyramid shows how we develop from mass participation to excellence in sport. The greater the number of people who become involved at the participation level, the broader the base and more likely there will be a greater increase in those at elite level. Football Rugby League
Stage 1 - Foundation This is the base of the pyramid. Most participants are learning/experiencing basic sports skills. Good exercise/skill habits are initially formed here. Examples: Primary PE lessons, Top Play activities, Sports Centre's. Foundation
Stage 2 - Participation This is the stage when young people begin their journey into sport and participate regularly with enjoyment. Examples: Sports Development - after-school coaching, festivals and school/club links Participation
Stage 3 - Performance During this stage young people begin to concentrate and focus more on sport-specific skills and develop talent in specific sports. Quality coaching is essential for player development at this level. Examples: Coaching weeks, Manchester Youth Games, Sports Clubs Performance
Stage 4 – Elite/Excellence The peak of the pyramid where individuals reach sporting excellence, The pyramid narrows as less people compete at this level – lucky ones! Examples: National Governing Bodies e.g. FA, RFL, LTA county regional national Elite
Topic 1.14 PARQ
Task Agility Sergeant (Vertical) Jump Having completed the fitness tests in practical lessons, match the fitness tests to the correct components. Balance Tennis Ball Juggle 6 SRF Co-ordination 30m Sprint Ruler Drop Test Power Reaction Time Standing Stork Test Speed Illinois Test Flexibility Cooper’s 12 minute run Body Composition Sit and Reach Test 5 HRF Muscular Endurance Hand Grip Dynamometer Abdominal Curl Test Muscular Strength BMI Cardiovascular Fitness
Personal Readiness and the PARQ (Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire) It is important that you are aware of your current level of fitness before participating in any physical activity. An awareness of your fitness is important before planning a personal exercise programme (PEP). If you answer no to all the questions then you are ready to perform safely. Complete your own PARQ and highlight any areas of concern. Task:
Plenary: 1. In pairs, identify the components of fitness you would highlight to test and how they would be measured. This could be related to your chosen activity. 2. List a number of different questions you would include in your own PARQ.
Homework Revise for a test on all work covered to date as it is ASSESSMENT WEEK 1 next week!