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Poverty – Consequences. Much higher levels of unemployment Low levels of trust and social capital Higher levels of divorce Lower quality of health care. Poverty – Consequences. Higher infant mortality rate Lower educational achievement More likely to drop out of school

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poverty consequences
Poverty – Consequences
  • Much higher levels of unemployment
  • Low levels of trust and social capital
  • Higher levels of divorce
  • Lower quality of health care
poverty consequences1
Poverty – Consequences
  • Higher infant mortality rate
  • Lower educational achievement
  • More likely to drop out of school
  • Higher incidents of mental illness
code of the streets
Code of the Streets
    • The development of an oppositional sub-culture
    • A response to “alienation”
  • The code “dictates” social interaction in the inner city
  • The code as a:
code of the streets1
Code of the Streets
  • Socialization at home and on the streets
  • The code is “just”
  • families
    • Generally accept “mainstream” values
  • families
  • Campaigning for Respect”
  • What is “respect?”
code of the streets2
Code of the Streets
  • Gaining Respect
    • A violent, “zero-sum” game.
  • Manhood, and the code as a shield
doing time on the outside
Doing Time on the Outside
  • What is Justice?
  • Key Concepts
how did we get here
How did we get here?
  • Setting the stage
    • Rising crime rate in DC
    • Demographic trends
    • Martinson, 1974
    • Rise of “just desserts” model of punishment
how did we get here1
How did we get here?
  • The “objective” vs. the “subjective”
    • 64 arrests within a two-block radius
    • 120 men “admitted to the D.C. correctional system…”
      • 25% of them on drug charges
      • Others on charges related to drug addiction
the creation of the ghetto
The Creation of the Ghetto
  • Barring Blacks from White neighborhoods
  • Population shifts from the cities to the suburbs
  • Social Disorganization
the creation of the ghetto1
The Creation of the Ghetto
  • Living in a socially-disorganized neighborhood
the creation of the ghetto2
The Creation of the Ghetto
  • Becoming socially disorganized
    • Signs of social disorganization
    • Consequences of social disorganization
the creation of the ghetto3
The Creation of the Ghetto
  • The loss of human and social capital.
incarceration as a response to public order
Incarceration as a response to public order
  • Loss of community
  • Different perspectives
incarceration and the institution of the family
Incarceration and the institution of the family
  • Value families no less than others
  • Missing fathers in ½ the families
  • Why are they missing?
  • Collateral damage…
incarceration and kinship
Incarceration and Kinship
  • Importance of families for socialization
  • Londa and Derek
    • Network map on page 42