English for Careers. Chapter 7 Mastering Verbs. Your goals for Chapter 7:. Use correct verb tenses Recognize regular and irregular verbs Use subjects and verbs that agree in number and person. A VERB may consist of one word. The class studies every night. action verb
Use correct verb tenses
Recognize regular and irregular verbs
Use subjects and verbs that agree in number and person
The class studies every night.
Every student is in the room.
We had been studying all week.
had been = helping verbs
studying = main verb/action verb
An infinitive does not serve as a verb.
David wantsto dance with you.
We are goingto study for the test.
The children went outside to play.
work, works, is working
worked, had worked, has worked
will work, will have worked
Tense - When does the action or being take place—past, present, or future?
Number - Does the verb have a singular or plural subject?
Person - Is the subject of the verb in first person, second person, or third person?
Please work on the report tonight.
Jay works well with a team.
He worked hard all this year.
He is working toward earning a college scholarship.
He works really hard.
You work hard.
I work just as hard.
Don’t add s if the subject is plural.
Teachers work hard, too.
If you are working late, please say so.
He is goinghome by bus.
He workedhard on the report.
Use a helping verb
He has workedhard all week to finish it.
I will work late if I can get a ride home.
I would work late tonight, but I have a date.
Some change spelling for past, present, and future; some change spelling only for one tense.
Use your dictionary when you are unsure of how to form the tense of irregular verbs.
Present Past Past Participle
begin/begins began begun
choose/chooses chose chosen
do/does did done
drink/drinks drank drunk
go/goes went gone
Present Past Past Participle
ring/rings rang rung
run runs ran run
speak/speaks spoke spoken
take/takes took taken
wear/wears wore worn
Bill thinks I am a hard worker.
He gave me a note in which he wrote that I worked hard.
The guide told us that Tokyo is larger than Kobe or Kyoto.
What are the names of the books you purchased?
The sales rep claimed that his software is better.
He brung it to me yesterday.
I seen it with my own eyes.
She had showed him the house.
I be going to the mall.
Joe drunk the whole bottle
They was very nice people.
He brought it to me yesterday.
I saw it with my own eyes.
She had shown it him the house.
I am going to the mall.
Joe drank the whole bottle!
They were very nice people.
A sentence must have at least one independent clause (a subject and a verb).
The verb is the action or being word; the subject is the noun or pronoun that tells who or what is doing or being.
Sentences can have more than one clause.
A clause may be dependent or independent.
Every sentence must have one independent clause.
A clause has both a subject and a verb.
Independent clauses communicate a complete thought and can stand alone.
Dependent clauses cannot stand alone; they depend on the rest of the sentence for their meaning.
Some designers are talented, some aren’t.
When she graduates, Tia wants to be a designer.
Melissa is a professional model.
George is a model and he also goes to school.
The bride and groom drove away in a white limousine.
Walking tall, she appeared to be proud of herself.
Being in the spotlight is fun, but also exhausting.
The dog runs. (singular)
The dogs run. (plural)
The dog and cat run. (plural)
The dogs and cats run. (plural)
First find the verb.
Then look for the “who” or “what” word. That’s the subject.
Usually the subject comes before the verb.
Sometimes it comes after the verb.
Running is my favorite way to exercise.
The understood subject may be you.
[You]Take these books back to the library.
Some sentences have more than one subject; some have more than one verb.
George and Henry are going to read and perform all the parts in the play.
Except you or I, typically add an s to the verb form for the present tense and use helping verbs that end in s, such as is, has, and was.
She speaks well.
She has spoken at all of our seminars.
Require a verb (or helping verb) that does not end with s.
You speak well.
I speak well.
The graduates speak well.
They have spoken at all of the meetings.
When joined by or or nor, make the verb agree withthe noun or pronoun following the or or nor.
The clerk or the assistantssort the mail.
Neither the workers nor the bossis getting a raise this year.
Plural indefinite pronoun subjects—both, many, several, few—require a plural verb form.
Manychoose the hardest task first.
Severalask for assistance when needed.
Bothtake a long time to bake.
Singular indefinite pronoun forms - each, every, many, a, an, one, either, neither, another, or a pronoun ending with one, body, or thing requires a singularverb form.
Each student and teacher needs a tutorial on the new software.
Another error makes four in two days.
Everyoneleaves at 5 p.m. on the dot.
You are the winner.
I work across the street.
They ship products everywhere on earth.
Either Bill or Mary has the key.
Each man and woman needs a form.
Many an applicant is turned down.
They are all right!
Several have been chosen.
The box of tools is on the table.
Supervisors, as well as the CEO, are here.
The reasons his job was difficult seem clear.
There were several boxes of tools on the table.
The number of restaurants here is growing.
They are all right!
When the unit is united, it is singular.
The faculty agrees to meet.
When the unit is divided, it is plural.
The faculty disagree about the issue.
The faculty members disagree about the issue.
I have painted.
I will paint.
I should have painted more often.
If I were talented, you’d buy my paintings.
You have the ability to use verb tenses correctly and make subjects and verbs agree in number and person.