Social Aspects of GIS. the other side of the coin. Outline. Privacy Accessibility Ethics Hegemony. Is GIS. Value free ? Objective ? An innocuous tool ?. Privacy. Leaving an Electronic Trail…. Loyalty Cards Debit and Credit Cards Library Cards University registration
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the other side of the coin
- your right to privacy
- the nature of that privacy
“on the one hand, GIS has unprecedented power to disseminate access to usable information. On the other hand, it still supports a division which generates a technocratic elite.” (Clark 1988: 303)
“When GISs are used there is a danger of some GIS-inspired decisions killing people, ruining businesses, and wasting public resources. The converse is also true, in that not using GIS technology may actually lead to poorer decision-making and this could also increase the risks of harm…The concern here is that because GIS is such a widely applicable technology and is being adopted widely, then attempts need to be made to render it intrinsically safe” (Openshaw 1993: 451)
GIS “will fit uneasily or not at all into the organizations of people who have little or no experience with computers, whose experience of the landscape is not informed by maps, or who do not think in terms of the dominant paradigms of modern science”
(Hoeschele 2000: 295)
“GIS is a set of tools, technologies, approaches and ideas that are vitally embedded in broader transformations of science, society and culture”
(Pickles 1995: 4)
Thus we cannot ignore the context of GIS in its application.