Background In 1973 negotiations between the two governments to achieve an agreement in order to allow seasonal mobility of Mexican workers to Canada were initiated. In 1974 a Memorandum of Understanding was signed in Ottawa. .
Legal Framework The Canadian government: • Regulate the admission of workers • Inform about the number of workers requested • Issue the work permits The Mexican government: • Recruit and select the workers • Handles personal documents for workers • Transmit worker data and arrival dates to Canada
Secretariats Involved • Secretariat of Labor • Secretariat of Foreign Relations • Secretariat of Gobernación(Interior Ministry) • Secretariat of Health
Program Requirements • Mexican Nationals • Age (22 to 45) • Good health • Occupation (experienced agricultural workers) • Educational level • Marital status • Rural inhabitants
General Guidelines • Length of contract • Meals and housing • Salaries and insurances • Transport
Types of Workers • Nominal workers (returning to specific farms each year) • Workers of selection (not specified) • Reserve workers (replacement /alternates)
Main Sectors The Mexican labor force is mainly concentrated in the Canadian production of fruits, vegetables and tobacco, as well as in the agricultural packaging plants.
New Sectors Currently both governments are working together in order to develop pilot projects in the tourism and construction sectors in the provinces of Alberta and British Columbia.
Nine Provinces Where the PTAT Operates As of 2010 there were almost 16,000 participating workers.