Introduction to Poetry. Components of a poem Lines Stanza Figurative Language Rhyme Rhyme Scheme Alliteration Consonance Assonance Onomatopoeia . Lines. Most poems are written in lines . How many lines does this poem h ave?. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12. soft. Stanza.
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Introduction to Poetry Components of a poem Lines Stanza Figurative Language Rhyme Rhyme Scheme Alliteration Consonance Assonance Onomatopoeia
Lines • Most poems are written in lines. • How many lines does this poem have? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 soft
Stanza • A group of lines in • a poem is called • a stanza. • Stanzas separate • ideas in a poem. • They act like • paragraphs. • How many stanzas • does this poem have? 1 2 3 soft
Imagery - helps readers form pictures in their mind Examples: Personification - giving objects or animals qualities or characteristics of a person Example: The flower begged for water. Simile A comparison using like or as Example: She is as gentle as a lamb. Figurative Language Review Idioms - a special phrase with a special meaning Example: Time flies when you’re having fun. Simile - a comparison using like or as Metaphor – comparing two things using exaggeration Personification – giving objects or animals qualities or characteristics of a person Idioms – a special phrase with a special meaning Hyperbole – is an exaggeration to emphasize your point Metaphor A comparison of two things using exaggeration without using like or as Example: This computer is an old dinosaur. Hyperbole - an exaggeration to emphasize your point Example: I have played this game a thousand times.
RHYME Two or more words which match in the same last sound. Example: hat, cat, mat, sat Find the rhyming words in this poem. soft
Internal Ryme . Rhyme within a line of poetry. My Pet Germs I have a half a billion germsI keep as tiny pets.They're cute and clean and never meanand give me no regrets.They spend all day engaged in playupon my skin and hair.They're on my clothes, between my toesand in my underwear.They dance and shout and bounce about.They run and jump and slide.My epidermis teems with germswho party on my hide.I never fret about the petsinside my shirt and socks.I love them there but wonder wherethey keep their litter box? --Kenn Nesbitt For example, the poem My Pet Germs by Kenn Nesbitt contains an internal rhyme on the third line of each stanza
Rhyme Scheme The pattern of the last words in the lines rhyme. My Cat Goes Flying My cat goes flying through the air from over here to over there. He lands and runs back, and then goes flying through the air again. a a b b Video example: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jZ1NbMTir-c
The repetition of the initial letter or sound in two or more words in a line. ALLITERATION Example: How much dew would a dewdrop drop if a dewdrop did drop dew? Find the alliteration in this poem. soft Video example: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZhrY5ZCYtlU
Consonance The repetition of consonant sounds. Examples: I dropped the locket in thick mud. The dove moved above the waves.
Assonance The repetition of vowel sounds. Examples: I made my way to the lake. Hear the mellow wedding bells.
Examples: growl, hiss, pop, boom, crack, Onomatopoeia Words that imitate the sounds of what they represent.
Let’s see what this looks like in a poem. Noise Day by Shel Silverstein Let’s have one day for girls and boyses When you can make the grandest noises. Screech, scream, holler, and yell – Buzz a buzzer, clang a bell, Sneeze – hiccup – whistle – shout, Laugh until your lungs wear out, Toot a whistle, kick a can, Bang a spoon against a pan, Sing, yodel, bellow, hum, Blow a horn, beat a drum, Rattle a window, slam a door, Scrape a rake across the floor . . .. Onomatopoeia
Interactive Poetry Game http://www.funenglishgames.com/readinggames/poem.html