School ethos: A relevant concept for school-based health promotion research? . Sherri Bisset. *PhD (Cand) Public Health, Université de Montréal.
*PhD (Cand) Public Health, Université de Montréal
Outline…an overview of school ethos…1) School ethos : definitions, relevance, utility 2) School ethos : evidence as an independent factor on health outcomes3) School ethos : interplay with the implementation health promotion programs4) School ethos : an example of a theory, it’s opperationalization and empirical evidence for an independent effect on student health
School ethos, climate, culture… is a concept which describes a collective attribute of a group or organization. It refers to the feel, atmosphere, tone, ideology, or milieu of an organisation such as a school.
The use of this concept implies that there is an underlying value system which guides individual behaviour within a group.
School climate is often described as open/closed, healthy/unhealthy.
Open school climate is one in which teacher and principal behaviour is supportive, genuine, and engaged.
A closed climate is characterized by lack of authenticity and disengaged behaviour.
The school climate arises from routine organizational practices that are important to an organization's members.
The school climate is created by the interpersonal dynamics, perceptions, attitudes and behaviours of its members.
A health promotion program imposes changes among school personnel with respect to some of their regular activities and routines.
“whether or not a study addresses diet and activity may be less important than how the intervention addresses diet and activity” (Doak et a., 2006; pg. 126).
How schools go about promoting health has more bearing on the health of students than the presence of a specific program (Stewart-Brown, 2006).
Programs with “stakeholders in the decision making regarding the potential strategies to be implemented” are more likely to create a supportive environment for sustained action and positive impact (Summerbell, Waters, Edmunds, Kelly, Brown, & Campbell, 2007)
Sherri Bisset*, Wolfgang Markham**, Paul Aveyard***
*Université de Montréal, Canada;
**University of Warwick, United Kingdom;
***University of Birmingham, United Kingdom
School ethos is a concept which attempts to account for and measure the social dynamics in the school.
Recent research recognizes these interpersonal and professional dynamics as having an importance influence on the effectiveness of a health promotion program.
Health promotion researchers have incorporated educational and parental theories to understand how the school ethos may independently influence students health behaviours.
Table 1. Sample Characteristics substance use”
* Townsand score
* According to Townsand score