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Pantheons. Important Terms. Pantheon Polytheism / Monotheism Anthropomorphism / Theriomorphism Cosmogony / Theogony. Pantheons of the World. Greco-Roman Mesopotamian (Akkadian/Sumerian/Bablyonian/Hittite) Egyptian Norse (Icelandic/Scandinavian/Germanic) Indian (Hindu) North American

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important terms
Important Terms
  • Pantheon
  • Polytheism / Monotheism
  • Anthropomorphism / Theriomorphism
  • Cosmogony / Theogony
pantheons of the world
Pantheons of the World
  • Greco-Roman
  • Mesopotamian (Akkadian/Sumerian/Bablyonian/Hittite)
  • Egyptian
  • Norse (Icelandic/Scandinavian/Germanic)
  • Indian (Hindu)
  • North American
  • Israelite (Bible)
  • Sub-Saharan Africa (Mali, Uganda)
  • Others: Aztec, Mayan, Japanese, Chinese

Pantheons of Mythology (www.godchecker.com)

Map/Geography Quiz on Pantheons (Feb 23.)we will discuss this quiz next Tuesday

the greek pantheon
The Greek Pantheon

For information on the Greco-Roman deities, see http://department.monm.edu/classics/Courses/CLAS230/MythDocuments/Pantheon/Pantheon.htm

hittites
Hittites

Seated Hittite Deity

13th Cent. B.C

MET NYC

Telepinu

mesopotamian pantheon akkadian sumerian babylonian hittite
Mesopotamian Pantheon(Akkadian / Sumerian / Babylonian / Hittite)

An (Anu)  Apsu Ea Humbaba Inanna Ishtar Marduk  Tiamat

Useful chart: http://faculty.gvsu.edu/websterm/Mesochart.html Another good site:: http://ancienthistory.about.com/library/weekly/aa102197.htm

slide7

Mesopotamian gods slay a fiery seven-headed dragon. The image is from a cylinder seal (cf.  fig.16.Alexander Heidel. The Babylonian Genesis, The Story of Creation. 1942, 1951. University of Chicago Press. Reprint 1993)

inanna sumerian
Inanna (Sumerian)

The Sumerian goddess of love, fertility, and war. One of the most important goddesses of the Sumerian pantheon.

ishtar babylonian
= Ishtar (Babylonian)

Ishtar in the middle of Gods holding the lionsceptre and a scimitar.

huwawa humbaba
Huwawa [Humbaba]

Huwawa [Humbaba], the Mesopotamian Forest God,who originated in a time when there were still forests to be protected.He was later betrayed and slain by his one-time friend Enkiduand Enkidu's new ally, the warrior-king Gilgamesh

(Terracotta relief, c. 2000 BCE)[From Time/Life's series, MYTH AND MANKIND:Epics of Early Civilization: Middle Eastern Myth, 1998:80]

ea enki
Ea/Enki

Ea (Akkadian), Sumerian Enki, Mesopotamian god of water and a member of the triad of deities completed by Anu (Sumerian An) and Bel (Enlil). From a local deity worshiped in the city of Eridu, Ea the "patron god of music" evolved into a major god, Lord of Apsu (also spelled Abzu), the fresh waters beneath the earth (although Enki means literally "lord of the earth"). In the Sumerian myth, "Enki and the World Order," Enki is said to have fixed national boundaries and assigned gods their roles. According to another Sumerian myth Enki is the creator, having devised men as slaves to the gods. In his original form, as Enki, he was associated with semen and amniotic fluid, and therefore with fertility. He was commonly represented as a half-goat, half-fish creature, from which the modern astrological figure for Capricorn is derived. He is also identified with Oannes. He sometimes the head of a ram and the body of a fish.

The story of Inanna, like Ishtar the mother/bride of Tammuz worshiped by the women in the Jerusalem temple, has her getting Ea drunk.

ea enki12
Ea/Enki

Clylinder seal impression showing the Mesopotamian "god of Wisdom," called Ea (Aya, Ayya or Enki) with two streams of water pouring forth from his shoulders. Ea warned the Mesopotamian Noah, Utnapishtim of Shuruppak of the coming Flood advising him to build himself an ark for his family and animals. On the 7th day of the Flood, the SEBITTU DAY, Ea rested with ALL the other gods, the Flood having destroyed mankind who's noise and clamor had earlier prevented the gods from resting by day or sleeping by night.

marduk and tiamat
Marduk and Tiamat

The Babylonian diety Marduk eventually

supplants all the other gods.

In one myth he slays Tiamat,

the god of primeval chaos.

egyptian pantheon
Egyptian Pantheon

Anubis

Re

Isis

Hathor

Osiris

Horus

Atum

Amun

For more information, see http://www.touregypt.net/godsofegypt/index.htmhttp://www.nemo.nu/ibisportal/0egyptintro/1egypt/index.htm

the norse pantheon also viking scandinavian germanic
The Norse Pantheon(also Viking / Scandinavian / Germanic)

Balder (Balker) 

Freya

Freyr

Frig

Loki

Njord

Odin (Woden)

Thor

Tyr

1- Woden- Death, poetry, victory2- Thor- Thunder and war3- Tyr- War4- Loki- Evil and fire5- Balker- Light and beauty6- Frey- Sun of fertility7- Idum- Eternal youth

slide17

http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/norsegodspictures/tp/NorseGods.htmhttp://ancienthistory.about.com/od/norsegodspictures/tp/NorseGods.htm

balder
Balder

18th century Icelandic manuscript SÁM 66 in the care of the Árni Magnússon Institute in Iceland.

the hindu pantheon
The Hindu Pantheon

Agni

Indra

Ganesh

Krishna

Brahma

Rama

Shiva

Vishnu

east asia
East Asia
  • China

Yin Yan Pangu

http://www.mythome.org/creatasa.html

  • Japan

Izanagi Izanami

Amaterasu

http://brian.hoffert.faculty.noctrl.edu/HST330/21.Shinto.HonjiSuijaku.html

north america
North America
  • Raven (Pacific Northwest)
  • Sedna (Innuit)

http://www.hvgb.net/~sedna/story.html

http://www.spiralgoddess.com/Sedna.html

http://www.gps.caltech.edu/~mbrown/sedna/

central and south america
Central and South America
  • Wanadi (Venezuela)
  • Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo Huaco (Inca)
  • Quetzalcoatl (Toltec/ Aztec) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aztec_religion#The_Pantheon
israelite bible
Israelite (Bible)

Yahweh

Elohim

subsaharan africa
Subsaharan Africa
  • Yoruba (Nigeria)

Olorun Orunmila

Obatala Olokun

Eshu

  • Benin

Sagbata Sogbo

For more African deities, see: