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Western Europe: Political Reconstruction. Many of postwar reforms focused on a desire for social reforms Women received the right to vote in France, Italy, and Switzerland Provide security for old age, disability, ill health, and unemployment The European welfare states emerged

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Many of postwar reforms focused on a desire for social reforms

    • Women received the right to vote in France, Italy, and Switzerland
    • Provide security for old age, disability, ill health, and unemployment
  • The European welfare states emerged
  • Christian Democrats played key roles in most new gov’ts of Western Europe
    • Represents conservative and business interests with Christian morals as guidance
great britain and the labour party
Great Britain and the Labour Party
  • Post-WWII, The Labour Party won majority of Parliament
  • Britain had parliamentary socialism and the modern welfare state
    • Nationalization of major industries occurred
    • Social insurance provided for old age and unemployment
    • A national health service was createdhigher income taxes
  • Labour and Conservatives each take turns running the gov’t
  • Great Britain continues to support strains of socialism
the federal republic of germany
The Federal Republic of Germany
  • “denazification” occurred along with the Nuremburg Trials
  • W. Germanyprivateindustry, capitalist economy, and broad social services
    • Labor unions and industry worked together to moderate wages
  • The Basic Law established the new country and an extensive bill of rights
  • Gov’t: Chancellor and proportional representation in two legislative houses
postwar france political instability
Postwar France: Political Instability
  • France has had five republics since 1792
    • 1792-1804—the First Republic
    • 1848-1852—the Second Republic
    • 1870-1940—the Third Republic
    • 1947-1958—the Fourth Republic
    • 1958-present—the Fifth Republic
  • What is a republic?
    • A government in which supreme power resides in a body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by elected officers and representatives who are responsible to them and who govern according to the law.