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The United Nations World Water Development. Junko Kaito Kevin Lo Megumi Makisaka Paul Yoo. What is Sustainable Development?.

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the united nations world water development

The United NationsWorld Water Development

Junko Kaito

Kevin Lo

Megumi Makisaka

Paul Yoo

what is sustainable development
What is Sustainable Development?

Definition: development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs (Source: Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987)

we cannot live without water it is essential to every aspect of living
“We cannot live without water. It is essential to every aspect of living.”

Source:Kofi Annan, Secretary-General of the United Nations

“It is crucial to understand that freshwater is an essential element of life on earth. Clean water can also be strategically used as a tool to improve standards of living, especially in rural areas. A well managed supply of clean water supports crops, sustains livelihoods, reduces disease and ensures that ecosystems are safeguarded for the future.”

Source:Nitin Desai,

Secretary-General of the World Summit

on Sustainable Development

the un sustainable development world water assessment program
The UN Sustainable DevelopmentWorld Water Assessment Program
  • The World Water Development Report: part of an ongoing assessment project to measure progress towards achieving the goal of sustainable development formulated at Rio in 1992, and the targets set down in the UN Millennium Declaration of 2000. The international community pledged:
    • to halve by 2015 the proportion of people who are unable to reach, or to afford, safe drinking water; and
    • to stop the unsustainable exploitation of water resources, by developing water management strategies at the regional, national and local levels, which promote both equitable access and adequate supplies.
Case Study 1: Integrated Rural Water Supply and Sanitation ProgrammeThe Blair (ventilated improved pit or VIP) Latrine
  • Where: Zimbabwe, Africa
  • When:1985-Present
  • Organizations: The United Nations and The World Bank
  • Purpose of the Program: to build a toilet (ventilated improved pit or VIP) in rural areas as a part of sanitation and hygiene education
design of the vip latrine
Design of the VIP Latrine
  • Removing Odors from the Latrine: It causes air to flow down into the latrine pit through the latrine squat hole and up out of the ventilation pipe
  • Fly Control: Flies are attracted to the top of the vent-pipe rather than to the latrine squat hole. They are prevented from entering the vent-pipe by a fly screen fixed across the top of it.
case study 2 chakaria community health project
Case Study 2: Chakaria Community Health Project
  • Where: Chakaria, Bangladesh
  • When:1999-2000
  • Organizations: ICDDR,B, Mohakali Cholera Hospital, World Bank
  • Purpose of the Program: Assess status and treatment of water-borne illnesses in rural Bangladesh
poverty and health
Poverty and Health
  • Understand relationship between poverty and cholera (diarrheal disease)
  • Aims to look specifically at barriers to healthcare access: clean water, water purification, education
  • Develop methodologies for assessing the prevalence and incidence of cholera
  • Assess needs of rural communities with respect to water
goals of the project
Goals of the Project
  • Establish ties with rural areas to disseminate care and education
  • Establish ICDDR,B as effective resource and training center for treatment of cholera
  • Allow villages to have continued access to care and help VHP’s to become sustainable
  • Empower women to become educators in their communities: Water purification, water retrieval, hygiene, demystify cholera
what did we learn from the local innovations
What did We Learn from the Local Innovations?
  • VIP Latrines in Zimbabwe:
    • Good planning and staff training are important
    • People identify with home-grown technologies
    • Different people want different latrines
    • Hygiene promotion is essential
    • Sanitation subsidies need to be carefully designed
what did we learn from the local innovations1
What did We Learn from the Local Innovations?
  • Chakaria Community Health Project in Bangladesh
    • Poor communication between rural and urban areas, poor oversight
    • Bureaucratic/hierarchical strife
    • Cultural sensitivity
    • Local field workers
    • Inadequate evaluations
  • Sound planning from the outset
  • Training and evaluations of project and staff
  • Local field workers: manifold benefits due to sustainable community development and cultural sensitivity
  • Understanding local bureaucracy
  • Good communication
  • UN/WWAP (United Nations/World Water Assessment Programme). 2003. UN World Water Development Report: Water for People, Water for Life. Paris, New York and Oxford, UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) and Berghahn Books.
  • VIP Latrines in Zimbabwe: From Local Innovation to Global Sanitation Solution. (2002, August). Water and Sanitation Program-Africa Region (WSP-AF). Nairobi, Kenya, the World Bank.