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Typhoid Fever

Typhoid Fever

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Typhoid Fever

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  1. Typhoid Fever By: Sang Woo Nam, Britney Byun, Staci Shon

  2. What is it? • It is a diseases caused by bacterium Salmonella enterica (Typhi) that lives only in human body and 37 degrees Celsius (human body temperature)

  3. Symptoms • Feel weak, chilly and tired • Headache • Backache • Diarrhea • Constipation • Loss of appetite

  4. continue… • Temperature ascend (remains high for 2 weeks) • Skin eruptions appear • Tongue becomes dry, gets coated in the center region • Fever gradually comes down by the end of 4th week

  5. Transmission • You may get infected from food or drinks that contains or got touched by the people who contain the bacterium • Most of the dirty sewages are contaminated by the bacterium • Common in areas were hand washing is less frequent • When bacterium inter human body it is carried around in blood streams • even though the patient have come over the disease about 5% of the total patients carry around the disease

  6. Causes • Poor sanitation • Contaminated or infected water • food: contaminated with germs by flies • People who have the disease if they prepare or serve the food • Unhealthy diet & faulty style of livings

  7. continue… • Common in people who eat more meat and fleshy foods • Eating or drinking contaminated foods • Salmonella thyphi bacteria is spread through contaminated foods • Travelers to developing countries increase their risk

  8. Treatment • Vaccine: mostly provided for the people who are traveling to developing countries • Antibiotics: fluoroquinolones, chloramphenicol, amoxillin, and trimethoprim- sulfamethosaole • Recover within 3~4 weeks

  9. continue… • VivotiBerna • Typhim Vi • Salmonella typhi Vi Capsular Polysaccaride Vaccine • Typheri

  10. Prevention • Proper disposal of sewage • Complete purification of drinking water • Pasteurization of milk • Implementation of anti- fly measure

  11. continue… • Typhoid fever vaccine- gives protection • Good hygiene • Avoid raw vegetable that cannot be peeled • Avoid foods and beverages from street vendors.

  12. Frequent Occurances • In most parts of the world (usually developing countries) • However, travelers must be careful when they travel (especially Americans traveling)

  13. Bibliography • “Typhoid Fever Transmission.” 28 Oct 2008 http://diseases.emedtv.com/typhoid-fever/typhoid-fever-transmission.html. • “Typhoid Fever ( Salmonella typhi).” 28 Oct 2008 http://209.85.173.104/search?q=cache:PutNEZTrVO0J:www.state.nj.us/health/cd/manual/typhoid.pdf+typhoid+fever+transmission&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=15&client=firefox-a. • “Typhoid - Transmission.” 28 Oct 2008 http://sprojects.mmi.mcgill.ca/tropmed/disease/typhoid/trans.htm. • * "Typhoid Fever." 28 Oct. 2008 <http://www.scribd.com/doc/2521289/typhoid-fever>. • * "Symptoms of Typhoid Fever and its Cure." 28 Oct. 2008 <http://www.tandurust.com/natural-home-remedies/typhoid-fever.html>. • * "TYPHOID FEVER." TYPHOID FEVER, Enteric Fever Symptoms, Cure, Cause, Treatment, Homeopathy for TYPHOID FEVER, SalmonelleTyphi. 28 Oct. 2008 <http://www.hpathy.com/diseases/typhoid-symptoms-treatment-cure.asp>. • • "Symptoms of Typhoid Fever and its Cure." Health and Wellness: Treatment, Causes, Symptoms, Home Remedies, Natural Cures, Diet, Nutrition, Risk Factors, Diagnosis. 27 Oct. 2008 <http://www.tandurust.com/natural-home-remedies/typhoid-fever.html>. • • "TYPHOID FEVER, Enteric Fever Symptoms, Cure, Cause, Treatment, Homeopathy for TYPHOID FEVER, Salmonella Typhi ." Homeopathy = Hpathy, Homeopathic Medicines Homeopathy Remedies, Treatments & More!. 27 Oct. 2008 <http://www.hpathy.com/DISEASES/typhoid-symptoms-treatment-cure.asp>. • • "Typhoid Fever." Medical College of Wisconsin Healthlink. 27 Oct. 2008 http://healthlink.mcw.edu/article/955158962.html. • # "refugeecamp1.JPG" JPEG Image, 611x489 pixels. 28 Oct 2008 <http://needmorewater.org/images/refugeecamp1.JPG> • # "ChildrenDrawingBadWater.jpg" JPEG Image, 1280x960. 28 Oct 2008 < http://www.worldhelpfound.org/images/Big_Over25k/ChildrenDrawingBadWater.jpg> • # "Parasiticdiseases-1.jpg" JPEG Image, 400x461 pixels. 28 Oct 2008 <http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/images/e/e0/Parasiticdiseases-1.jpg> • # "siod_salmonella_04.jpg" JPEG Image, 500x419 pixels. 28 Oct 2008 <http://www.salmonellablog.com/siod_salmonella_04.jpg> • # "thermometer.jpg" JPEG Image 300x193 pixels. 28 Oct 2008 <http://www.bbc.co.uk/health/images/300/thermometer.jpg> • # "typhoidcopy_copy.gif" GIF Image, 431x270 pixels. 28 Oct 2008 <http://sprojects.mmi.mcgill.ca/tropmed/disease/typhoid/image/typhoidcopy_copy.gif> • # "typhoid_main.jpg" JPEG Image, 580x280 pixels. 28 Oct 2008 <http://www.wejetset.com/photos/0000/4178/typhoid_main.jpg> • # "ulcer_of_ileum.JPG" JPEG Image, 587x393 pixels. 28 Oct 2008 <http://staff.vbi.vt.edu/pathport/pathinfo_images/Salmonella/Salmonella_typhi/ulcer_of_ileum.JPG>