Session 3 Defining the Company’s Mission and Social Responsibility
Session Objectives • To explore the concept and usefulness of mission and mission statements • Develop Guidelines for Formulating a Mission • Introduce the Concept of Corporate Governance • To Discuss The Stakeholder Approach to Social Responsibility
What is a Company Mission? • Company Mission: A broadly framed but enduring statement of a firm’s intent. It is the unique purpose that sets a company apart from others of its type and identifies the scope of its operations in product, market, and technology terms.
Benefits of a Well-Developed Mission Statement • DISTINGUISH ORGANIZATIONS FROM THE COMPETITION • FEDERATE AND BOND THE WORKFORCE • CHALLENGE THE ORGANIZATION TO ACHIEVE OBJECTIVES • ENHANCE DECISION-MAKING BY HARMONIZING VALUES AND VISION • IMPROVE THE PLANNING PROCESS
Characteristics of a Mission Statement • Embodies the business philosophy of the firm’s strategic decision makers • Implies image firm seeks to project • Reflects firm’s self-concept • Indicates • firm’s principal product or service areas • primary customer needs the firm will attempt to satisfy
Mission Statement Components • Customer-market • Product-service • Geographic Domain • Technology • Concern for Survival • Philosophy • Self-concept • Concern for Public Image
Three Essential Components: • Basic Product or Service • Primary Market • Principal Technology If a firm uses a “silver bullet” mission for outsiders to read, it will include these three components.
CISCO SYSTEMS MISSION STATEMENT SHAPE THE FUTURE OF THE INTERNET BY CREATING UNPRECEDENTED VALUE AND OPPORTUNITY FOR OUR CUSTOMERS
Primary Company Goals: • Survival – failure means incapable of satisfying the aims of any of its stakeholders. • Profitability –mainstay goal of a business. • Growth –Growth in this sense must be broadly defined.
Company Philosophy • AKA company creed. • Usually appears within the mission statement • Beliefs, values, aspirations, and philosophical priorities
GE’S VALUE STATEMENT ALL OF …ALWAYS WITH UNYIELDING INTEGRITY… ARE PASSIONATELY FOCUSED ON DRIVING CUSTOMER SUCCESS LIVE SIX SIGMA QUALITY…ENSURE THAT THE CUSTOMER IS ALWAYS ITS FIRST BENEFICIARY..AND USE IT TO ACCELERATE GROWTH INSIST ON EXCELLENCE AND ARE INTOLERANT OF BUREAUCRACY ACT IN BOUNDARYLESS FASHION DEMONSTRATE WITH INFECTIOUS ENTHUSIASM FOR THE CUSTOMER THE FOUR E’S OF GE LEADERSHIP PERSONAL ENERGY CREATE ENERGIZING ATMOSPHERE EDGE TO MAKE DIFFICULT DECISIONS ABILITY TO CONSISTENTLY EXECUTE
Public Image • Customers attribute certain qualities to particular businesses. • Firms seldom address the question of their public image. • Chance to define public image (the elevator conversation).
Company Self-Concept • Extent to which the firm can relate functionally to its external environment. • Demonstrates an understanding of their impact on others or of others on them. • Ordinarily, do not appear in mission statements.
Newest Trends in Mission Components The following are increasingly integral parts in the development of missions: • Customers as a priority • Quality as a priority • Inspirational vision statement
Newest Trends in MissionComponents • Statements of company vision • Developed to express the aspirations of the executive leadership • Presents the firm’s strategic intent • “A computer on every desk, and in every home, running on Microsoft software”
Word of the Day CorporateGovernance
Corporate Governance Essentially the management of management Purpose is to monitor management decision-making and behavior to ensure they are in best interest of shareholder wealth creation
Boards of Directors The Chief Governing Body of Corporations
Boards of Directors The board of directors is the group of stockholder representatives and strategic managers responsible for overseeing the creation and accomplishment of the company mission.
Major Board Responsibilities: • Establish and update mission • Elect and set pay of top officers & CEO • Set amount & timing of dividends • Set broad company policy, objectives and authorize managers to implement long-term strategy • Mandate company’s legal and ethics compliance
The Agent - Principle Relationship • Involves separation of owners (principals) and managers (agents) of a firm • Potential exists for owners’ wishes to be ignored • Involves delegation of decision-making authority by owners to managers
How Can Agency Problems Occur? • Moral hazard problem • Owners have access to limited information • Owners cannot monitor every executive decision • Executives often free to pursue own interests • Adverse selection • Stockholders have limited ability to determine competencies of executives at time of hire • Problems of overlapping priorities between owners and executives likely to occur
Potential Agency Relationship Problems • Executives pursue growth in company size rather than in earnings • Executives attempt to diversify their corporate risk • Executives avoid risk • Managers act to optimize their personal payoffs • Executives act to protect their status
Agency Theory Agency theory is a set of ideas on organizational control based on the belief that the separation of the ownership from management creates the potential for the wishes of owners to be ignored.
Aligning Executive Interests with Owner Interests • Stock Option Plans • Bonus plans • Incentives for Long-Term Performance
Solutions to the Agency Problem • Define agent’s responsibilities in a contract, including elements like bonuses to align executives’ and owners’ interests • Pay executives a premium for their services • Structure a backloaded compensation plan for executives • Create teams of executives across different organizational units to focus on overall organizational performance
Wal Mart To provide value and service to our customer by offering a wide variety of quality merchandise at the lowest possible price in an atmosphere of prompt and courteous service in our small town markets. To be an innovative and forward-looking company that controls expenses to the maximum degree possible. To be dedicated to continuing and profitable growth. To maintain a partnership with our associates and to remain committed to the communities in which we operate stores; by enhancing the quality of life in those local communities through a commitment to good business, economic development and philanthropy.
Tam's Tavern At Tam's Tavern it is our mission to make sure that you come back soon. Here is how we are going to do that. We are going to give you good food and good service in a pleasant environment. We are going to do it for a very fair price. There, that wasn't so hard was it? But there is more. We are going to try and be a good corporate citizen. We are going to recycle all of our glass, plastic, paper and every thing else our city and county will let us. We are going to take good care of the employees of Tam's because, well, there are many reasons why we should but mainly because it's the right thing to do. It is the people of Tam's that make it special. Our only limitations are the imagination. What can we do for you?