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Warm-Up! Happy November!. November 2 nd Get out your workbooks. Answer #1-13 on page 315- write the questions!!!!! I will collect these for a grade!. DNA Replication. http://kancrn.kckps.org/science/biology/Heredity_files/tdc02_vid_dnaanimation_300.mov.

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Warm-Up! Happy November!


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    1. Warm-Up! Happy November! November 2nd • Get out your workbooks. • Answer #1-13 on page 315- write the questions!!!!! • I will collect these for a grade!

    2. DNA Replication http://kancrn.kckps.org/science/biology/Heredity_files/tdc02_vid_dnaanimation_300.mov

    3. When you are done with your warm-up You need a blank sheet of paper DNA replication/RNA GO notes

    4. After your warm-up…Get out a blank sheet of paper • PROTEIN SYNTHESIS CHART

    5. DNA Replication • During DNA replication, the DNA molecule separates into two strands, then produces two new complimentary strands following the rules of base pairing (Chargaff Rules). • Each strand of DNA serves as a template, or model, for the new strand.

    6. How It Occurs • DNA replication is carried out by a series of enzymes. • The enzyme (helicase) unzip the DNA molecule creating two strands that serve as templates. • Complimentary bases are added to the strands by DNA polymerase.

    7. Replication Continued • Each new DNA molecule has one new stand and one strand from the original molecule. • The enzyme DNA polymerase, the principal enzyme, “proofreads” the new DNA strands, helping to maximize the odds that each molecule is a perfect copy of the original.

    8. DNA replication

    9. DNA Replication Video • http://www.copernicusproject.ucr.edu/ssi/HSBiologyResources.htm

    10. DNA Replication • Review: Make the Complement: ATCTAAGCAGGTA TAGATTCGTCCAT

    11. Make the complement: TACGGGATACCGAT ATGCCCTATGGCTA

    12. DNA Replication Synthesis: To Make DNA Synthesis: To make DNA

    13. Replication • To Make a Copy

    14. Why? • For new cells • When? • Interphase • Where? • Nucleus • How? • DNA Polymerase comes in and makes a copy.

    15. Steps to DNA Replication

    16. Step 1: • Find a DNA Molecule A = T T = A C = G G = C

    17. Step 2: Helicase (enzyme) Splits the molecule A T T A C G G C

    18. Step 3: Complement Strands are made A T A T T A T A C G C G G C G C

    19. Result? • Replication makes a copy

    20. DNA codes for… • Proteins

    21. Where are proteins made in the cell? • Ribosomes

    22. What’s the problem? • DNA cannot leave the nucleus

    23. Info must get to the… • Ribosome

    24. Solution? • RNA

    25. Get out a blank sheet of paper • Fold into thirds

    26. mRNA tRNA rRNA • Brings amino acids to the ribosome to match up with the message the mRNA just brought. • Makes up the ribosome. • Changes the DNA message to RNA inside of the nucleus and brings that message to the ribosome.

    27. Warm-up #9 • Complete the chart side ONLY. • Replication row only.

    28. RNA! Flip GO Sheet!

    29. RNA= • Ribonucleic Acid

    30. 1 strand

    31. Nucleotide • Sugar ribose • Phosphate group • Nitrogen Base

    32. 3. Nitrogen Bases • Adenine • Guanine • Cytosine • **Uracil **

    33. Complementary Bases • A= ______ • C = ______ • A=U • C=G • G=C • T=A • So if you see “U” is it DNA or RNA?

    34. RNA is made by… • TRANSCRIPTION • DNA RNA

    35. 3 types of RNA • the Messenger, mRNA • mRNA is an intermediate copy of genetic information that guides protein synthesis in the cell's protein synthesis machinery, called the ribosome • the Ribosomal, rRNA (the machinery) • rRNA is an essential component of the ribosome • the Transfer, tRNA (the carrier) • tRNA carries amino acids to the ribosome for protein synthesis.

    36. http://www.teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?video_id=87069

    37. TRANSCRIPTION • DNA RNA • Where? • Nucleus

    38. Transcription DNA- A T C G T A T C A RNA- RNA- U A G C A U A G U

    39. TRANSCRIPTION • DNA- T A C C G A T C C C A T C • RNA- ? • RNA- A U G G C U A G G G U A G

    40. TRANSCRIPTION • DNA- G A C C C G T C A T C C G G T A A T • RNA-? • RNA- C U G G G C A G U A G G C C A U U A

    41. RNA DNA • Deoxyribonucelic acid • _____ strands • Deoxyribose • Bases- A=T; G=C • Made by replication • Cannot leave the nucleus • Ribonucleic Acid • _____ strand • Ribose • Bases- A=U; C=G • Made by transcription • Nucleus-> ribosome

    42. Protein Love… • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NJxobgkPEAo

    43. RNA CHART