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CIVIL AIR SEARCH AND RESCUE ASSOCIATION. PILOT TRAINING COURSE Phase 4 Flight Preparation. Aircraft Documents (required to be on board). Certificate of Airworthiness Certificate of Registration Pilot Operating Handbook/Owner’s Manual Weight and Balance Journey Log

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civil air search and rescue association



Phase 4

Flight Preparation

aircraft documents required to be on board
Aircraft Documents(required to be on board)
  • Certificate of Airworthiness
  • Certificate of Registration
  • Pilot Operating Handbook/Owner’s Manual
  • Weight and Balance
  • Journey Log
  • Proof of Liability Insurance
  • Pilot License, Medical and Radio License
notes about aircraft documents
Notes about Aircraft Documents
  • The Certificate of Registration will specify whether for Private or Commercial Purpose
  • Private aircraft must have had an inspection within the last year
  • Commercial aircraft have inspections every 50 or 100 hours depending on the schedule specified in the Company Maintenance Manual
  • The Weight and Balance should include the original document and any amendments
notes about aircraft documents1
Notes about Aircraft Documents
  • The Journey Log will specify when the last inspection was completed and in Commercial aircraft, when the next inspection is due
  • The Proof of Insurance for Private aircraft should name the pilot
  • From the date of the aviation medical, the medical validity period is to the first day of the 61st month for pilots under 40 and to the first day of the 25th month for pilots over 40
notes about aircraft documents2
Notes about Aircraft Documents
  • The Annual Airworthiness Information Report (pink or yellow in colour) need not be on board, only in the possession of the owner
weight and balance
Weight and Balance
  • A Weight and Balance Form for the proposed flight must be completed and confirmed that the aircraft is within weight limits and centre of gravity limits
  • There are several aircraft manufacturer types of weight and balance calculation methods but following are some of those common to CASARA aircraft
weight and balance using a loading graph
Weight and Balance using a Loading Graph
  • The first example used by many Cessna aircraft is a loading graph to select the moment of each item
  • The total weight and the total of the moments are calculated
  • Using the weight vs moment graph, the common point is found
  • If within the moment graph, the aircraft is within weight and centre of gravity limits.
weight and balance using arms aft of datum
Weight and Balance using Arms Aft of Datum
  • Using this method requires a calculator to multiply the weight x the arm = moment
  • Add up the total weight and total moment
  • Divide the moment by the weight to find the centre of gravity
  • If the Weight and C of G common point falls within the C of G envelope, your aircraft is legal
weight and balance plotters
Weight and Balance Plotters
  • Some varieties of aircraft require the use of a load plotter to calculate a safe weight and balance
  • Each aircraft type has a different model of plotter which the pilot must become familiar with
  • Following is just an example of a weight and balance calculation using a load plotter
weight and balance calculation
Weight and Balance Calculation
  • Following is an example of a weight and balance worksheet
  • Any written record is suitable as long as your calculations are understandable
  • One copy of the weight and balance for the flight should be left with your Search Coordinator or Searchmaster and another copy taken on board your aircraft
navigation log
Navigation Log
  • Most zones have the Navigator do most of the calculations for the trip
  • The CASARA Nav Log will record all the necessary data for the trip
  • Considering that time-to-launch is very important, only have the navigator complete the items necessary for the type of search you are doing
  • Following is a CASARA Nav Log
  • The CASARA Pilot should be able to quickly confirm your navigators planning of the trip
terrain and obstacle avoidance
Terrain and Obstacle Avoidance
  • Safety is the number one priority in CASARA
  • The navigator and pilot select a safe transiting altitude and a safe search altitude
  • Transiting altitudes may also be selected by a Search Coordinator or Searchmaster
  • Your visual search altitudes, 500, 1000, etc. are above terrain and obstacles and the pilot must determine the safe altitudes above sea level
terrain and obstacle avoidance1
Terrain and Obstacle Avoidance

Considerations in choosing a safe Transiting Altitude include:

  • Obstacle and terrain clearance
  • Avoidance of other transiting aircraft
  • Avoid flying through or descending into other active search areas
  • In your search briefing, learn the active areas and aircraft idents
  • Turn your landing light(s) on
terrain and obstacle avoidance2
Terrain and Obstacle Avoidance

Considerations in choosing a safe Search Altitude include:

  • Check obstacles in VNC’s, Canada Flight Supplement Section C and Notams for new towers or towers with lights unserviceable
  • Have your navigator mark special obstacle or terrain concerns on the map
  • Plan for rising or uneven terrain
  • Plan for downdrafts in mountainous areas
  • Communicate with adjacent search aircraft, if turns have been approved outside your assigned search area
  • Turn the landing light(s) on

Flight Plan/Flight Itinerary

  • Once all the necessary navigation has been calculated, a Flight Plan or Flight Itinerary form should be completed
  • Although filing a Flight Plan with Nav Canada is recommended, leaving a Plan or Itinerary with CASARA Base or Search Headquarters is acceptable
  • See Aeronautical Information Manual RAC Section 3 for assistance in completing a Flight Plan or Flight Itinerary
  • The AIM is now available on the internet at
bingo time calculations
Bingo Time Calculations
  • Bingo Time is the time at the farthest point in your planned search, to return for landing, arriving with reserve fuel only
  • Bingo Time is critical in CASARA SAR operations so the pilot and navigator know when it is time to return to base or to another suitable landing place for fuel
  • Following is the Bingo Time calculation from the CASARA Nav Log
preflight briefing
PreFlight Briefing
  • It is mandatory that the CASARA Pilot give his crew a pre-flight briefing to cover safety and operational items
  • This briefing should be done at the airplane just prior to flight
  • The briefing may be observed by a Safety Officer to confirm everything was covered
  • At this time, the Safety Officer may also check your aircraft and personal documents
pre flight briefing checklist
Pre Flight Briefing Checklist
  • 9. Radio Use in an Emergency
  • Evacuation in a Water Ditching
  • ELT Location and Operation
  • 12. Proper Clothing
  • 13. Sunglasses
  • 14. No Smoking
  • 15. Search Object Details and Direction
  • First Aid Kit
  • Fire Extinguisher
  • Seat Belt Use
  • Survival Equipment
  • Clear of the Controls
  • Emergency Landing
  • Emergency Exit
  • Actions in an Emergency

Flight Preparation

End of Phase 4