ADDICTION 101 An Introduction to Substance Use. THE PROCESS OF ADDICTION & RECOVERY Presented by: Tim Dueck, MSW, RSW. What is a Drug? A drug is any substance other than food which changes the way the body or mind functions. Drugs may or may not have medicinal properties or purposes.
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THE PROCESS OF
ADDICTION & RECOVERY
Tim Dueck, MSW, RSW
balancing brain chemistry.
Definition:Drugs that work on the mind or on behaviour.
Psychoactive drugs alter your mood and the way you think and act.
Substance Abuse / MisuseMisuse or Abuse - any use of a drug that causes personal problems such as health, work, relationship, legal, financial emotional.
Frequent forms of abuse:
Frequent forms of abuse:
You do not have to be an addict / alcoholic to have a problem with substances.
DSM IV - Definition of Substance DependenceCriteria: A person demonstrates 3 or more of the following, occurring at any time in a 12 month period:
a) a need for markedly increased amounts to achieve intoxication, or
b) a markedly diminished effect with continued use of the same amount.
a) the characteristic withdrawal syndrome for the substance.
b) the same (or closely related) substances are taken to relieve or avoid symptoms.
Substance abuse is any drug use that breaks healthy connections with family, friends and society.
Addiction to Other ExperiencesSince many of the factors which promote and maintain addiction are psychological, or social, people can develop addictions to other human behaviours.
Some reasons include:
Possible contributing factors:
1. Willingness to try the drug.
2. Friends or acquaintances that use.
3. A sense of safety about the drug and the setting.
Possible reasons for experimenting include:
* Boredom * Need to Belong
* Curiosity * Depression
* Peer Pressure
* Desire for stimulating or exciting alternatives
In experimentation, people are exploring their relationship with the substance.
Examples of Social Use:
Key Concepts: A person experiences:
a) Tolerance - a need for increasing doses to feel the same high.
b) Withdrawal - characteristic of the particular drug; usually the opposite effect of the high.
a) - an all-consuming focus on the drug (getting it, getting high, dealing with coming down, finding more); brain chemistry has changed.
b) - person experiences no choice about using and feels no control over the amount consumed.
The unpredictable nature of binge use can create a destructive set of stressors for those involved in the user’s life.
Early Recovery: Getting Clean
Middle Recovery: Stabilization
Late Recovery: Maintenance
Common Triggers of Relapse
Common Triggers of Relapse (cont.)
and benefits on both sides
occur whenever life changes
hurting loved ones
choices to children