The World at War - WWI: 1914-1918. Causes of the War. 1 . Militarism & Arms Race. Total Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.] in millions of £s (pounds). 2. The Alliance System. Germany, Italy, Austria-Hungary. Triple Entente :. Triple Alliance :.
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Total Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.] in millions of £s (pounds).
Germany, Italy, Austria-Hungary
Britain, France and Russia
The“Powder Keg”of Europe
Britain Joins the War
A German Soldier Says Farewell to His Mother
A 2 War Front War*Germany had to fight from both the East (Russia) & West (France)
Trench Warfare – fighting from ditches, protected by barbed wire, led to stalemate
War of attrition – a war based on wearing the other side down by constant attack and heavy losses.
“No Man’s Land” = the area of land between your trench and the enemy trench
Russia experienced a revolution in 1917 and quits the war, signing the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
Other than Europe, the Middle East saw the biggest battles as the Ottomans (Turks) fought Britain, Russia, and France
Arabs Left Out at Versailles
Black Soldiers in the German Schutztruppen[German E. Africa]
British Sikh Mountain Gunners
As Europe became embroiled in war, the U.S. benefitted economically
Sold war supplies and, along with Japan, became major exporter, replacing Europeans in many parts of world
This would remain after the war
“Squadron Over the Brenta”Max Edler von Poosch, 1917
Eddie “Mick”Mannoch, Br.
Eddie Rickenbacher, US
Manfred vonRichtoffen, Ger.[The “RedBaron”]
Rene PaukFonck, Fr.
Willy Coppens deHolthust, Belg.
The Armistice is Signed! End of WWI
Another 20 million wounded
116,516 Americans Died
America becomes Isolationist