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Personality Disorders. By Grady McRae, Shantel Parker, Megan McMillan, Cassie Matthews, Moroni Sorroche , Marlene Avellano , and Thomas Crowther. Introduction. Definition. Some Statistics…. About 1 in 4 Americans suffers from a diagnosable mental disorder.

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personality disorders
Personality Disorders
  • By Grady McRae, Shantel Parker, Megan McMillan, Cassie Matthews, Moroni Sorroche, Marlene Avellano, and Thomas Crowther
introduction
Introduction

Definition

Some Statistics….

  • About 1 in 4 Americans suffers from a diagnosable mental disorder.
  • Fewer than 25% of College Students seek treatment.
  • Personality disorders are disorders characterized by deeply ingrained, inflexible patterns of thinking, feeling, or relating to others or controlling impulses that cause distress or impaired functioning.
introduction continued
Introduction continued…
  • Schizotypal
  • Paranoid
  • Schizoid
  • Antisocial
  • Borderline
  • Histrionic
  • Narcissistic
  • Avoidant
  • Dependent
  • Obsessive-compulsive
schizotypal
Schizotypal

Definition…

  • Peculiar or eccentric manners of speaking or dressing. Strange beliefs. “Magical thinking” such as belief in ESP or telepathy. Difficulty forming relationships. May react oddly in conversation, not respond, or talk to self. Speech elaborate or difficult to follow.
schizotypal continued
Schizotypal continued…

Symptoms:

Causes:

  • Incorrect interpretation of events
  • Peculiar thinking, beliefs or behavior
  • Suspicious or paranoid ideas
  • Belief in special powers (telepathy)
  • Excessive social anxiety
  • Childhood abuse
  • Neglect or stress
schizotypal continued1
Schizotypal continued…

Treatment:

  • Medication—
    • antidepressant
    • antipsychotic
  • One or more types of therapy:
    • Psychotherapy
    • Behavior therapy
    • Cognitive therapy
    • Family therapy.
paranoid disorder
Paranoid Disorder

Definition

  • Distrust in others, suspicion that people have sinister motives. Often jealous, guarded, secretive, overly serious.
paranoid disorder continued
Paranoid Disorder Continued…

Symptoms:

  • Pattern of distrust and suspiciousness.
  • They expect people to deceive, exploit or harm them, all regardless of their relationships with them self's
  • They have an excessive need to be self sufficient and must have control over those around them

Causes:

  • Biological and Genetic Factors
  • How the person was raised
paranoid disorder continued1
Paranoid Disorder Continued…

Treatment:

  • Medication—
    • Anti-anxiety agent
      • Diazepam
    • Anti-psychotic
      • Thioridazine
      • Haloperidol
  • Psychotherapy is also recommended along with medication
schizoid disorder
Schizoid Disorder

Definition

  • Extreme introversion and withdrawal from relationships. Fearful of closeness, with poor social skills, often seen as a “LONER”.
schizoid disorder continued
Schizoid Disorder Continued…

Symptoms:

  • Detached from the social or emotional relationships mostly because they don’t know how to communicate effectively
  • They often react passively to circumstances.
  • They enjoy solitude
schizoid disorder continued1
Schizoid Disorder Continued…

Treatments:

  • No medications usually assist unless the person is also suffering from major depression.
  • If at all possible long term medication should be avoided.
  • Psychotherapy (people with this disorder are unlikely to seek help)
  • Self help groups (helps the person to develop healthy relationships)
borderline disorder
Borderline Disorder

Definition

  • Unstable moods and intense. Stormy personal relationships . Self-image fluctuation and a tendency to see others as “all good” or “all bad”
borderline disorder continued
Borderline Disorder continued…

Symptoms:

  • often has unstable relationships.
  • low self-esteem.
  • problems with impulsive behavior.
  • all of which begin by early adulthood.
borderline disorder continued1
Borderline Disorder Continued…

Treatments:

  • Get enough sleep, and go to bed around the same time every night.
  • Eat a balanced diet that is low in saturated fat and contains lots of fresh fruits and vegetables.
  • Get regular exercise, such as walking or swimming.
  • Avoid alcohol, illegal drugs, and medicines that have not been prescribed to you. These may make your symptoms of borderline personality disorder worse and also may interfere with your prescribed medicines.
  • Avoid making any major life decisions (like changing jobs, moving, or getting married or divorced) when you are feeling irritable, anxious, angry, or depressed.
  • Keep scheduled counseling appointments, and take your medicines as prescribed.
histrionic disorder
Histrionic Disorder

Definition

  • Constant attention seeking. Believes that everyone loves them. Overly dramatic, enthusiastic, and excessively flirtatious. Shallow and labile true emotions
histrionic disorder continued
Histrionic Disorder continued…

Symptoms:

  • Acting or looking overly seductive
  • Being easily influenced by other people
  • Being overly concerned with their looks
  • Being overly dramatic and emotional
  • Being overly sensitive to criticism or disapproval
histrionic disorder continued1
Histrionic Disorder continued…

Treatments:

  • People with this condition often seek treatment when they experience depression or anxiety from failed romantic relationships or other conflicts with people. Medication may help the symptoms, but talk therapy (psychotherapy) is the best treatment for the condition itself.
antisocial disorder
Antisocial Disorder

What it is:

  • A pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood.
  • Cause: Typically have a history of conduct disorder before the age of 15, problems such as aggression, destruction of property, rule violation, deceitfulness, lying and stealing, this behavior often predicts antisocial tendencies.

Patients often have had little or no significant emotionally-rewarding relationships in their lives.

antisocial disorder continued
Antisocial Disorder Continued…

Symptoms:

  • Failure to conform to social norms
  • Deceitfulness
  • Impulsivity or failure to plan ahead
  • Irritability and aggressiveness
  • Reckless disregard
  • Consistent irresponsibility
  • Lack of remorse, as indicated by being indifferent to or rationalizing having hurt, mistreated, or stolen from another
antisocial disorder continued1
Antisocial Disorder Continued…

Treatments:

  • Medications should only be utilized to treat clear, acute and serious concurrent diagnoses. No research has suggested that any medication is effective in the treatment of this disorder.
  • Psychotherapy
    • Rapport building
    • Focusing on emotions that cause the person’s actions.
    • Reinforce any emotions outside of anger or frustration.
narcissistic disorder
Narcissistic Disorder
  • What it is: the individual is described as being excessively preoccupied with issues of personal adequacy, power, prestige and vanity.
  • Sub types:

1. The "oblivious" subtype as being grandiose, arrogant, and thick-skinned

2. The "hypervigilant" subtype as being easily hurt, oversensitive, and ashamed.

narcissistic disorder continued
Narcissistic Disorder continued…
  • Symptoms:
    • Reacts to criticism with anger, shame, or humiliation
    • May take advantage of others to reach their own goal
    • Tends to exaggerate their own importance and achievements
    • Imagines unrealistic fantasies of success, beauty, power, intelligence, or romance
    • Requires constant attention and positive reinforcement from others
  • Causes:
    • An oversensitive temperament

at birth

    • Excessive praise for good behaviors or excessive criticism for bad behaviors in childhood
    • Valued by parents as a means to regulate their own self-esteem
    • Severe emotional abuse in childhood
    • When these traits are compounded by a failure of the interpersonal environment and continue into adulthood they may intensify until diagnosed.
narcissistic disorder continued1
Narcissistic Disorder continued…

Treatments:

  • Short hospitalization for severe cases
  • Self help
  • Group therapy
  • There is no medication that will help someone with narcissistic tendencies.
avoidant personality
Avoidant Personality

Definition

  • Avoidant personality disorder is a condition in which a person has a lifelong pattern of feeling very shy, inadequate, and sensitive to rejection.
avoidant personality continued
Avoidant Personality Continued…

Symptoms:

  • Always thinking of their shortcomings
  • They would rather be lonely than form close bonds with others in fear of loss or rejection
  • Very sensitive to any criticism or disapproval
  • Hold back information about themselves in relationships and are reluctant to become involved with anyone.
  • Avoid activities and/or jobs that involve contact with others
  • They are very shy in social settings in fear of doing something wrong
  • Make potential difficulties seem worse then they are
  • View themselves as unappealing, not as good as others, and not good socially
avoidant personality continued1
Avoidant Personality Continued…

Treatments:

  • Psychotherapy
  • Medications—
    • Anti-anxiety agents
    • antidepressants
dependent disorder
Dependent Disorder

Definition:

  • A highly diagnosed, chronic disorder in which the person depends too much on others for emotional or physical needs. From deciding who to socialize with to making a decision on what to wear for the day. Persons suffering from this disorder tend to be very needy and possibly suffer from depression and\or anxiety.

Causes are still unknown but are common equally amongst both genders

dependent disorder continued
Dependent Disorder continued…

Symptoms:

  • Avoiding responsibility
  • Overly focused on abandonment
  • Very Passive, especially in relationships
  • Cannot make decisions without someone- Separation anxiety and/or depression
dependent disorder continued1
Dependent Disorder continued…

Treatments:

  • The only treatment that has shown to have affect is long term talk therapy which is not guaranteed to help.
  • Medications are provided but only to treat the depression or anxiety.
  • Complications —
    • Alcohol and drug abuse-Depression .
    • Suffer from or inflict on physical, emotional or sexual abuse.
c onsequences of non treatment
Consequences of non-treatment
  • Senseless death.
  • Harm to self.
  • Stealing.
  • Lying.
  • Destruction of Property.
  • People that are unable to be productive for themselves or their families.
in conclusion
In Conclusion…
  • Personality Disorders are not to be taken lightly. Some are fatal or life threatening. They affect all of us in some way or another. All individuals that have some sort of mode altering disorder should seek help.

Any questions?