broadband competitiveness vesna prodnik pepevnik ivica kranjcevi n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
BROADBAND competitiveness Vesna Prodnik Pepevnik Ivica Kranjcević PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
BROADBAND competitiveness Vesna Prodnik Pepevnik Ivica Kranjcević

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

BROADBAND competitiveness Vesna Prodnik Pepevnik Ivica Kranjcević - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

BROADBAND competitiveness Vesna Prodnik Pepevnik Ivica Kranjcević. Table of contents. Various types of broadband access Pros and Cons of individual access type Mobile broadband Broadband regulation – case study Slovenia. Vafer Ltd. .

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'BROADBAND competitiveness Vesna Prodnik Pepevnik Ivica Kranjcević' - talib

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
table of contents
Table of contents

Various types of broadband access

Pros and Cons of individual access type

Mobile broadband

Broadband regulation – case study Slovenia

vafer ltd
Vafer Ltd.

Regional provider of strategy development and investment advisory services to network and service operators in electronic communication sector (telecoms, cable companies, altnets..) and media industry (radio, TV..)

Specially well serving regulators and government agencies dealing with the electronic communication sector:

Development of regulatory strategies

Market analysis

Access and interconnection

Strategic management of electronic communications

More than 40 years of combined telecommunication experience and skills in the region

latest project
Latest project
  • Preparation of strategy and action plan for the usage and (re)allocation of frequency spectrum for IMT technologies
    • Prepared for Slovenian NRA (APEK)
    • Widespread industry attention and interest
    • Delivery date: October 2009
    • The foundation for allocation of IMT frequencies in Slovenia for the period of next 5 years
    • Action plan including concrete steps and suggestions for the allocation of frequencies in the 800 MHz (digital dividend), 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 2100 MHz and 2.6 GHz frequency bands.
broadband access types
Broadband access types
  • Fixed access technologies
    • xDSL
    • Fiber
    • WiMAX
  • Mobile access technologies
    • UMTS (3G)
    • LTE (3,99G)
    • LTE Advanced (4G)
fixed ver mobile
Fixed ver. Mobile

Fixed access (xDSL, fiber)

Stability and high transfer speeds

Small latency

Suitable for IPTV, VoD

Restrained to fixed location (office, home) – no or very limited mobility degree

Fully dependable on the quality and development level of fixed network (xDSL, fiber network)

Mobile access (3G)

  • Variable speed levels, comparatively lower than with fixed access
  • Not suitable for services demanding constant transfer speeds and small delays (latency)
  • High mobility level enabling access from anywhere (e-mail, browsing)
  • Coverage and capacity largely dependent on the allocated frequency and the width of the frequency band
    • Hence capex and opex levels differ widely based on the frequency band on which the network is deployed
3g ver wim ax
3G ver. WiMAX


  • Difficult to guarantee constant throughput (speed)
  • At declared speed of 3,6 Mb/s
    • Max available 1–2 Mb/s
    • Average 256-512 Kb/s
    • Minimal down to 64 Kb/s
    • Significant latency accompanying unstable speeds
  • Not suitable for IPTV or VoD
  • Future: 4G


  • Easier to guarantee constant throughput (speed)
  • Allowing for VoIP in addition to internet access
  • Speeds varying from 256Kb/s up to 2Mb/s, but can go higher as well
  • IPTV is normally not offered over WiMAX, due to the unsustainable investment economics
  • Future of WiMAX?
3g ver fiber
3G ver. Fiber


Relatively low transfer speeds

Unstable transfer speed levels

Lowe frequencies (bellow 1 GHz) normally justify 3G network roll-out

Coverage available beyond home/office locations

New technologies, significantly increasing transfer levels, on the short-term horizon (LTE, LTE-A)

Fiber (FTTH)

  • Unlimited bandwidth
  • Bit rate speeds100 Mbps downlink and uplink
  • Very suitable for triple play offers (IPTV, telephony, internet, VoD)
  • High capex / opex levels (ranging form 1.000 EUR to 2.000 EUR/user)
  • Investments into rural areas financially not feasible
mobile broadband
Mobile broadband

Current characteristics of mobile broadband access are not yet comparable with fixed broadband access

Estimates show that 3,4 billion people is to have internet access within the next 5 year period. Eighty percent (80%) of this access is to be realized with mobile access.

Markets are in the dire need for the technology which will be (quality wise) comparable with fixed access (minimum xDSL or even fiber)

UMTS networks and its upgraded versions of HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA and HSPA+, do not fulfill the requirements for NGMN


LTE is getting close to NGMN requirements

Standardization to be concluded by the end of this year (!)

GSA Association: LTE network roll-out is being planned by 42 operators in 21 countries already

By the end of 2010 there will be 15 LTE networks deployed

4g or imt advanced itu
4G or IMT Advanced (ITU)

EU Commission has awarded 18 mil € for the development of LTE Advanced technology standard. 3GPP has in October 2009 suggested to the ITU that LTE Advanced is to become the candidate for 4G (IMT Advanced) network standard.

eu actions and measures toward faster mobile broadband access uptake
EU actions and measures toward faster mobile broadband access uptake
  • EU Commission has intensified activities to allow for the roll-out of mobile broadband networks on the lower frequencies:
    • Changed GSM directive (900MHz/1800MHz)
    • Plans for digital dividend (re)usage and spectrum “refarming” (800MHz)
  • Key emphasis is given to the lower roll-out costs (capex and opex) for mobile broadband networks which should stimulate operators to build these networks (UMTS/LTE -> NGMN) in the rural areas as well, contributing to the development of information society.
ngn regulation
NGN regulation

ERG Recommendation

Some countries have already included fiber networks within the regulation of Market 4

Regulation of NGN has so far been accepted with rather negative / skeptical views – operators largely oppose the regulation due to investment economics rationale and related high risk profiles of their investments

NGMN is not yet regulated. BUT some countries (like France) want to input requirements for “obligatory MVNO access” provisioning into their tenders for the allocation of digital dividend frequencies.

regulation of broadband in slovenia
Regulation of broadband in Slovenia

Slovenian NRA has already included FTTH in the regulation of Market 4 (LLU unbundling)

LLU price for the copper is equal to LLU price for the fiber (differs only between residential and business users)

Telekom Slovenije has published it will cease to invest into fiber network deployment due to proposed regulatory measures

ngn regulation dilemmas
NGNregulation dilemmas

Where is the actual divide between the free economic initiative and regulated market?

When should the regulator start to regulate specific market, in which phase of development?

The answers to these questions will surely impact the future development of NGN networks.


Thank you for your attention!