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BROADBAND competitiveness Vesna Prodnik Pepevnik Ivica Kranjcević. Table of contents. Various types of broadband access Pros and Cons of individual access type Mobile broadband Broadband regulation – case study Slovenia. Vafer Ltd. .
Various types of broadband access
Pros and Cons of individual access type
Broadband regulation – case study Slovenia
Regional provider of strategy development and investment advisory services to network and service operators in electronic communication sector (telecoms, cable companies, altnets..) and media industry (radio, TV..)
Specially well serving regulators and government agencies dealing with the electronic communication sector:
Development of regulatory strategies
Access and interconnection
Strategic management of electronic communications
More than 40 years of combined telecommunication experience and skills in the region
Fixed access (xDSL, fiber)
Stability and high transfer speeds
Suitable for IPTV, VoD
Restrained to fixed location (office, home) – no or very limited mobility degree
Fully dependable on the quality and development level of fixed network (xDSL, fiber network)
Mobile access (3G)
Relatively low transfer speeds
Unstable transfer speed levels
Lowe frequencies (bellow 1 GHz) normally justify 3G network roll-out
Coverage available beyond home/office locations
New technologies, significantly increasing transfer levels, on the short-term horizon (LTE, LTE-A)
Current characteristics of mobile broadband access are not yet comparable with fixed broadband access
Estimates show that 3,4 billion people is to have internet access within the next 5 year period. Eighty percent (80%) of this access is to be realized with mobile access.
Markets are in the dire need for the technology which will be (quality wise) comparable with fixed access (minimum xDSL or even fiber)
UMTS networks and its upgraded versions of HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA and HSPA+, do not fulfill the requirements for NGMN
LTE is getting close to NGMN requirements
Standardization to be concluded by the end of this year (!)
GSA Association: LTE network roll-out is being planned by 42 operators in 21 countries already
By the end of 2010 there will be 15 LTE networks deployed
EU Commission has awarded 18 mil € for the development of LTE Advanced technology standard. 3GPP has in October 2009 suggested to the ITU that LTE Advanced is to become the candidate for 4G (IMT Advanced) network standard.
Some countries have already included fiber networks within the regulation of Market 4
Regulation of NGN has so far been accepted with rather negative / skeptical views – operators largely oppose the regulation due to investment economics rationale and related high risk profiles of their investments
NGMN is not yet regulated. BUT some countries (like France) want to input requirements for “obligatory MVNO access” provisioning into their tenders for the allocation of digital dividend frequencies.
Slovenian NRA has already included FTTH in the regulation of Market 4 (LLU unbundling)
LLU price for the copper is equal to LLU price for the fiber (differs only between residential and business users)
Telekom Slovenije has published it will cease to invest into fiber network deployment due to proposed regulatory measures
Where is the actual divide between the free economic initiative and regulated market?
When should the regulator start to regulate specific market, in which phase of development?
The answers to these questions will surely impact the future development of NGN networks.