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Nouns . Objective I-1 IDENTIFY CORRECT NOUN FORMS (Singular and Plural). Mrs. Julie Turner School Improvement Specialist Dothan City Schools. Dr. Patrick Cain SEHS Assistant Principal Elmore County Schools. Noun. A noun is a word that names something: a

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nouns

Nouns

Objective I-1

IDENTIFY CORRECT NOUN FORMS

(Singular and Plural).

Mrs. Julie Turner

School Improvement Specialist

Dothan City Schools

Dr. Patrick Cain

SEHS Assistant Principal

Elmore County Schools

slide2
Noun

A noun is a word that names something: a

person, a place, a thing, or an idea.

Examples:

governor

Alaska

hospital

Southeast Alabama Medical Center

there are five classes of nouns
There are five classes of nouns.
  • Proper
  • Common
  • Concrete
  • Abstract
  • Collective
proper nouns
Proper Nouns

A proper noun names a particular person,

place, thing, or idea.

Examples:

  • Mr. McGowin
  • Stanhope Elmore High School
  • Wetumpka High School
common nouns
Common Nouns

A common noun does not name a particular

person, place, thing, or idea. Common

nouns are not capitalized.

Examples:

  • cheerleader
  • student
  • park
concrete nouns
Concrete Nouns

A concrete noun names a thing that is

tangible (can be seen, touched, heard,

smelled, or tasted). Concrete nouns are

either proper or common.

Examples:

  • child
  • music
  • Grand Canyon
abstract nouns
Abstract Nouns

An abstract noun names an idea, a

condition, or a feeling—in other words,

something that cannot be touched, smelled,

tasted, seen or heard.

Examples:

  • freedom
  • greed
  • progress
collective nouns
Collective Nouns

A collective noun names a group or a unit.

Examples:

  • United States
  • team
  • crowd
  • community
forms of nouns
Forms of Nouns

Nouns are grouped according to their

number, gender, and case.

number of noun
Number of Noun

Number indicates whether the noun is

singular or plural.

  • A singular noun refers to ONE person, place, thing, or idea.

actor stadium Canadian bully person

  • A plural noun refers to MORE THAN ONE person, place thing, or idea.

actors stadiums Canadians bullies people

gender of a noun
Gender of A Noun

Gender indicates whether a noun is

masculine, feminine, neuter, or indefinite.

  • Masculine: uncle, brother, men, bull, rooster, stallion
  • Feminine: aunt, sister, women, cow, hen, filly
  • Neuter (without gender): tree, cobweb, garage, closet
  • Indefinite (masculine or feminine): president, plumber, doctor, parent
case of a noun
Case of a Noun

Case tells how nouns are related to other

words used with them. There are three

cases: nominative, possessive, and

objective.

now let s practice
Now Let’s Practice!

Practice Makes Perfect!

Directions: There are sentences on the next few slides. For each underlined noun, write its class (there will be at least two classes for each) and number.

slide14
Checks and balances in the United States

government allow Congress to override a

presidential veto.

slide15
Checks and balances in the United States

government allow Congress to override a

presidential veto.

Answer

Class: proper, abstract, collective

Number: singular

slide17

During the American Revolution, George Washington was commander of the Continental army.

Answer

Class: proper, concrete

Number: singular

slide19

The tax laws imposed on the colonists by the British government were viewed as unfair.

Answer

Class: common, concrete

Number: plural

plural nouns
Plural Nouns
  • A plural noun names more than one

person, place, thing, or idea.

  • There are different ways to form the

plurals of nouns depending on the noun.

most nouns
Most Nouns

Form the plurals of most nouns by adding s

to the singular.

cheerleader—cheerleaders

wheel—wheels

crate--crates

nouns ending in sh ch x s and z
Nouns Ending in sh, ch, x, s, and z

Form the plurals of nouns ending in sh, ch,

x, s, and z, by adding es to the singular.

lunch—lunches dish—dishes

mess—messes fox--foxes

nouns ending in y
Nouns Ending in Y

The plurals of common nouns that end in y—preceded by a

consonant—are formed by changing the y to i and adding

es.

fly—flies jalopy—jalopies

Form the plural of nouns that end in y—preceded by a

vowel—by adding only an s.

donkey—donkeys monkey—monkeys

Note: Form the plurals of all proper nouns ending

in y by adding s.

nouns ending in o
Nouns Ending in O

The plurals of nouns ending in o—preceded

by a vowel—are formed by adding an s.

radio—radios rodeo—rodeos

nouns ending in o25
Nouns Ending in O

The plurals of most nouns ending in o—

preceded by a consonant—are formed by

adding es.

echo—echoes hero—heroes tomato--tomatoes

nouns ending in ful
Nouns Ending in ful

Form the plurals of nouns that end in ful by

adding an s at the end of the word.

three pailfuls four mouthfuls

compound nouns
Compound Nouns

Form the plurals of most compound nouns

by adding s or es to the important word in

the compound.

brothers-in-law maids of honor

secretaries of state

now let s practice28
Now Let’s Practice!

Practice Makes Perfect!

Directions: Write the correct plural of the underlined word in each sentence.

slide29
The keyes for the table saw are in

the industrial arts office.

slide30
The keyes for the table saw are in

the industrial arts office.

Answer

keys

slide31
We followed our guide across three

mountain pass’s to get to Blaine’s Ridge.

slide32
We followed our guide across three

mountain pass’s to get to Blaine’s Ridge.

Answer

passes

slide33
The landscaping staff will plant lilac bushs

along the walk to the main entrance.

slide34
The landscaping staff will plant lilac bushs

along the walk to the main entrance.

Answer

bushes

slide35
The Turners looked at five different patioes

before picking out a design they liked.

slide36
The Turners looked at five different patioes

before picking out a design they liked.

Answers

patios

work with a partner
Work With A Partner

Directions:

Write a sentence for the plural of each of the

following words.

ray tress glassful territory

work with a partner38
Work With A Partner

Directions:

Write a sentence for the plural of each of the

following words.

rays tresses glassfuls territories

nouns ending in f or fe
Nouns Ending in f or fe

Form the plurals of nouns that end in f or fe in one

of two ways: if the final f sound is still heard in the

plural form of the word, simply add s; but if the final

f sound becomes a v sound, change the f to ve

and add s.

Plural ends with f sound: roof—roofs: chief—chiefs

Plural ends with v sound: wife—wives; loaf--loaves

irregular spelling
Irregular Spelling

A number of words from a plural by taking

on an irregular spelling.

crisis—crises child—children radius—radii

criterion—criteria goose—geese die—dice

Some nouns remain unchanged when used

as plurals.

deer moose sheep salmon aircraft series

collective nouns41
Collective Nouns

A collective noun may be singular or plural depending

upon how it’s used. A collective noun is singular

when it refers to a group considered as one unit; it is

plural when it refers to the individuals in the group.

The class was on its best behavior. (group as a unit)

The class are preparing for their final exams.

(individuals in the group.)

now let s practice42
Now Let’s Practice!

Practice Makes Perfect!

Directions: Write the plural form of the word in parentheses.

slide43
When David opened the musty trunk, he

was startled to see four (mouse) staring

back at him.

slide44
When David opened the musty trunk, he

was startled to see four mice staring

back at him.

slide45
Isle Royal an island in Lake Superior,

supports a population of about 1,000

(moose).

slide46
Isle Royal an island in Lake Superior,

supports a population of about 1,000

moose.

slide50
Choose the sentence that is written correctly.

A. A chorus of donkeys greeted the

dawn.

B. The Smith’s bought a new house last week.

C. The author added four appendix to her

book.

D. Three young foxen were romping in the

snow.

slide51
Choose the sentence that is written correctly.

A. A chorus of donkeys greeted the

dawn.

B. The Smith’s bought a new house last week.

C. The author added four appendix to her

book.

D. Three young foxen were romping in the

snow.

slide52
Choose the sentence that contains an error.

A. Can anyone name all of the gulfs on

the map?

B. Bushs alone the roadside were turning

green.

C. The waves crashed onto the beach with a

roar.

D. There were many kinds of potatoes in the

supermarket.

slide53
Choose the sentence that contains an error.

A. Can anyone name all of the gulfs on

the map?

B. Bushs alone the roadside were turning

green.

C. The waves crashed onto the beach with a

roar.

D. There were many kinds of potatoes in the

supermarket.

caution
CAUTION

What was the difference between questions

one and two?

slide55
The firstquestion asked you to choose the

sentence that was written correctly. The

second question asked you to choose the

sentence that contained an error (sentence

written incorrectly).

READ EACH QUESTION CAREFULLY!!