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MATTER. QUINTO. MATTER: Anything that occupies space, has volume and mass. Everything is made up of matter Properties of Matter. MASS VOLUME. The amount of matter something has You measure it in kilograms and grams . The space that an object occupies You measure it in liters .

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Matter

MATTER

QUINTO


Matter anything that occupies space has volume and mass
MATTER: Anything that occupies space, has volume and mass

Everything is made up of matter

Properties of Matter

MASS VOLUME

The amount of matter something has

You measure it in kilograms and grams

The space that an object occupies

You measure it in liters


Other properties of matter
OTHER PROPERTIES OF MATTER

DENSITY: The relationship between mass and volume.

HARDNESS: If it is difficult to break than the matter is hard, if it breaks easily it is fragile.

ELASTICITY: If it regains its form after being stretched the matter is elastic.

WATERPROOF: When matter doesn't’t allow liquid to pass through it is waterproof.

TRANSPARENCY: If the matter lets light pass it is transparent, if light doesn't’t pass through it is opaque.


States of matter
STATES OF MATTER

SOLID: It maintains the same shape, occupies the same space, and maintains the same volume

LIQUID: Doesn't’t have a permanent shape, and maintains the same volume

GAS: Doesn't’t have a permanent shape, and doesn’t maintain the same volume. If gas squeezes together it loses volume. It adapts to the space it is in.


Changes in matter
CHANGES IN MATTER

  • PHYSICAL CHANGES:

    • Happens when the matter changes its form, size, or temperature. The matter composition doesn’t change

      • EXAMPLE: Water freezing into ice

  • CHEMICAL CHANGES

    • Happens when the matter changes form and becomes a different substance

      • EXAMPLE: A piece of burnt wood turns into ash and smoke


Physical changes
PHYSICAL CHANGES

REVERSIBLE IRREVERSIBLE

The matter returns to its original state.

Body temperature varies: If it receives heat it goes up and if it loses heat it goes down

Volume varies:

If it receives heat the volume increases and if it loses heat the volume decreases

It is impossible for the matter to return to its previous state

The composition of the matter doesn't’t change


State changes
STATE CHANGES

LIQUID

MELTING

EVAPORATION

CONDENSATION

SOLIDIFICATION

GAS

SOLID


Matter

  • MELTING

    • From solid to liquid

      • EXAMPLE: ICE MELTING

  • EVAPORATION

    • From liquid to gas

      • EXAMPLES: drying clothes, boiling water

  • CONDENSATION

    • From gas to liquid

      • EXAMPLE: water from a hot bath or hot pot

  • SOLIDIFICATION

    • From liquid to solid

      • EXAMPLE: Water turning into ice


Mixtures
MIXTURES

HETEROGENIOUS HOMOGENEOUS

You cant distinguish the different substances by just looking at it

Alloy: Homogeneous mixture of metals. BRASS = copper and zinc

Dissolution: Homogeneous mixture of 2 liquids or a liquid and solid

You can distinguish the different substances by just looking at it

EXAMPLE: ROCKS AND WATER

Formed by combining two or more different substances


Seperating mixtures
SEPERATING MIXTURES

FILTRATION: Separates heterogeneous mixtures of a solid and a liquid

DECANTATION: Separates heterogeneous mixtures made of two liquids

EVAPORATION: Separates homogeneous mixtures made of a solid and a liquid

DISTILLATION: Separates homogeneous mixtures made of liquids


Chemical changes
CHEMICAL CHANGES

OXIDATION

- When a substance combines with oxygen

COMBUSTIBLE

-A material that can light on fire, it gives off heat and light

The properties and composition of the matter change, thus becoming different matter (but the mass doesn't’t change)


Chemical changes 2
CHEMICAL CHANGES (2)

FERMENTATION

A chemical change that takes place in the absence of oxygen and by the presence of certain living things

TYPES

ARTIFICIAL

When humans step in and take advantage of resources to make items last longer, such as wine or yogurt

NATURAL

EXAMPLE: When the butter goes bad