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How did the Great Depression & the New Deal influence art & literature? Did literature during the 1930’s present a positive or negative view of American Society?. Joe Wang, Cierra Scott, Madeline Valdes, Melissa Potter.
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How did the Great Depression & the New Deal influence art & literature? Did literature during the 1930’s present a positive or negative view of American Society? Joe Wang, Cierra Scott, Madeline Valdes, Melissa Potter
Edward Hopper Federal Theatre Project (FTP) 1935 • NY artist • Genre: Realism • (1942) Nighthawks • WPA sponsered • Theatre production jobs • Goal: To employ unemplyed artists, writers, directors
Grant Wood Thomas Hart Benton • American Gothic (1930) • Facial Expression • Stress • Muralist • Realism • Midwest content/roots • Country’s New Duet Group
1930s Literature: Steinbeck and Wright • Federal Works Project (FWP) • Employed writers to create guides and write about immigrants, ethnic groups, South slavery • Helped Richard Wright achieve in writing Native Son (1940) • About challenges of a man in world of racism • FWP helped John Steinbeck • Steinbeck published The Grapes of Wrath (1939) • Focuses on Okies fleeing Dust Bowl • Okies go to California and face hardships
1930s Literature: Positive View • Let Us Now Praise Famous Men (1941) –James Agee, Walker Evans • Farmers’ dignity • Our Town (1938) –Thornton Wilder • Beauty of New England • Gone with the Wind (1936) –Margaret Mitchell • Virtues of American culture
1930s Literature: Negative View • Studs Lonigan Trilogy (1932-35) –James T. Farnell • Irish immigrant workers’ lives • U.S.A. (1930-36) –John dos Passos • Selfish rich class vs. nation’s promise • The Disinherited (1933) –John Conroy • Missouri coalfields violence • Self-experience
KEY TERMS • WPA: Works Program Admin.- employed artists to do literacy projects to educate America • Federal Writer’s Project: funded writers (part of the New Deal.) • Federal Theater Project: funded artists
TIMELINE 1935- WPA 1939- Grapes of Wrath 1936- Gone with the Wind (book) 1930- American Gothic 1940- Native Sun 1942- Nighthawks 1930- 45
Question 1 • What is the basis of Richard Wright’s book Native Son? • A. An African American’s life in a racist world • B. Lives of Okies (people who fled from the Dust Bowl) in California • C. The hardships of farmers • D.A young boy’s adventures with a Native American • E. Wright’s tragic romantic past
Answer 1 A. An African American’s life in a racist world
Question 2 • What genre of art surfaced in the 1930s? • A. Realism • B. Modernism • C. Impressionism • D. Romanticism • E. Rococo
Answer 2 B. Modernism