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Grounding the Electrical System. Reference: AAVIM “Electrical Wiring” Created May 2007. Purpose of the Grounding System. Fundamental to the safety of those installing, using, and servicing the electrical system Assures the system will work properly while preventing damage to the system.

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Grounding the Electrical System

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  1. Grounding the Electrical System Reference: AAVIM “Electrical Wiring” Created May 2007

  2. Purpose of the Grounding System • Fundamental to the safety of those installing, using, and servicing the electrical system • Assures the system will work properly while preventing damage to the system

  3. NEC Requirements • All electrical systems serving structure must be bonded together • Including the following • Electrical wiring system • Telephone system • Phone system • Burgular alarm system • Cable or satellite system

  4. Grounding • The process of making a planned, continuous, connection between NON-CURRENT CARRYING parts of the electrical wiring installation and the earth and some other conducting body

  5. Grounded • Describes the act of being connected to the earth or some other conduction body that serves in place of the earth

  6. Bonding • Process in which all NON-CURRENT CARRYING METALLIC parts of the electrical wiring system are permanently joined together to form a CONTINUOUS grounding path

  7. Bonding • Reduces the differences in potential between each electrical system • May be caused by power surges, lightning strikes or other types of ground fault type occurences

  8. Parts of the Electrical System • Circuits • Service Entrance Panel • Metal Water Pipe • Metal Gas pipe

  9. Materials in Grounding System • Must be approved by NEC

  10. The Grounding Electrode System • All materials must be grounded using approved bonding and grounding electrode systems • Check with local building code

  11. Metallic Pipe • Water pipe must always be bonded to the service entrance panel, grounding electrode conductor, or grounding electrode • Other metal pipe, such as gas pipe, which may become energized accidentally must be bonded to the electrical system grounded system

  12. Use of Bonding Jumper • To provide CONTINUOUS grounding path around devices such as water meters installed in metallic water pipe system

  13. Types of Grounding Electrodes

  14. Metal Underground Water Pipe • Must be bonded to the supplemental grounding system electrode and to the neutral bus bar in the SEP • Connection must be made within 5 feet of entering structure • Water pipe must be in direct contact with the earth for at least 10 feet

  15. Concrete Encased Electrode • Electrode encased in foundation footing covered with at least 2 inches of concrete • Electrodes must be at least 20 feet in length and consist of one or more ½” steel reinforcement bars

  16. Ground Ring • Bare Copper • At Least #2 AWG or larger • Encircling residence for a length of 20 feet • Buried at least 2 ½”

  17. Metal Framework

  18. Supplemental Electrodes • Typically made of metal rods, pipes, or plates

  19. Rod and Pipe Electrodes • Iron or steel rod electrodes • Must be 5/8” in diameter • Pipe must be ¾” in diameter • Galvanized or metal coated for corrosion resistance • 8 feet in length • Installed to a depth of 8” in direct contact with earth

  20. Nonferrous rods must be listed at no less than ½” • Stainless Steel- ½” diamter • Must be at or below ground level • Must be protected from physical damage

  21. Exceptions • If electrode can not be driven more than 4” into the earth b/c of rock or other obstruction • May be driven at an oblique and of no more than 45° from vertical • At least 8” of the electrode must be in contact with earth

  22. Multiple grounding rods • When more than one electrode grounding rod is used: • Must be installed not less than 6 feet apart • Must be bonded together with an approved bonding jumper to form single grounding electrode system

  23. Plate Electrode • May be used in areas where it is not possible to use a grounding rod or ring • Steel/Iron Plate electrode must be ¼” thick • Non-ferrous metal plate must be 0.06” thick • 2 feet square • Buried at least 2 1/2’

  24. Grounding Electrode Conductor • NEC permits • Copper • Aluminium • Copper-clad AL and AL-CU may not be used in contact with masonry, corrosive, or in direct contact with the earth