The rules of the game. waterpolo. Teams and Substitutes. A team comprises 13 players of whom six are substitutes. Except in case of injury or accident, a substitute may only enter the game: a. during the interval after a goal b. before extra time
A team must concede a free throw, if it fails to shoot at the goal within 35sec. of gaining possession of the ball
Offenses are classified as ordinary fouls (penalized by a free throw to the other team) and major fouls (penalized by personal faults and periods of exclusion).
ORDINARY FOULS: It is an ordinary foul to:
take or hold the ball under water when tackled (1); swim beyond the goal line before the referee's signal to start the game; assist a player at the start; hold onto or push off from the goal posts or the sides of the pool, or hold onto the rails except at the start or a restart; stand or walk on the floor of the pool ; punch the ball;
a) touch a referee's neutral throw before it reaches the water;b) jump, from the floor of the pool;
c) deliberately impede an opponent unless he has the ball;
d) play the ball, with both hands at the same time;
e) push an opponent;
f) be within 2m of the opposing goal line except when behind the line of the ball;
g) waste time (including having possession for more than 35sec. without shooting);
f) taking a penalty throw incorrectly.
a) Kick or strike an opponent
b) Commit any brutal act
c)Illegally stop a goal inside the 4m area
d) Hold, sink or pull back an opponent not holding the ball;
e) Interfere with the taking of a free throw;
f) Re-enter the water improperly when an excluded player or substitute;
g) Intentionally splash water in a opponent's face;
h) Continually commit ordinary fouls with intent.