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Simone Chambers is Professor of Political Science, University of Toronto, Canada. Publications: Reasonable Democracy, Jürgen Habermas and the Politics of Discourse , Cornell University Press 1996.
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Simone Chambers is Professor of Political Science, University of Toronto, Canada.
Reasonable Democracy, JürgenHabermas and the Politics of Discourse, Cornell University Press 1996.
& Costein,A, Bohman, J & Calabrese, A Deliberation, Democracy, and the Media, Rowman & Littlefield 2000
& Kymlicka, W (eds), Alternative Conceptions of Civil Society, Princeton 2001.
Public Reason and Deliberation, Routledge 2012.
• diagnostic background thesis (particularistic)
- the predominance of a rhetoric that aims to gains support for a proposition in the public sphere (plebiscitary rhetoric)
- in contrast with deliberative public debate and argumentation
to enhance forms of deliberative rhetoric, which aims to “… engaging citizens’ practical judgement and as such treats its audience as autonomous deliberators deserving of respect” (“Rhetoric and the Public Sphere”, 2009)
constitution as a reflection
- of pluralism and
- the historicalcontext of the community (historicalidentities)
vs. prescriptive of universalistic moral and neutral rights
democracy as process
• democracy as process
- moral core: the pluralistic inclusiveness of deliberative processes
processes can be more or less democratic
democracy depends on the existence, presence and effects of deliberative processes
- main characteristic: a sense/feeling of being included and having taken part of a process
- independently of the outcome?
- corollary moral-political value: the outcome ought to reflect the deliberative process and not violate against it
constitution as reflection
- of pluralism
- the historical context of the community (historical identities)
vs. prescriptive of universalistic moral and neutral rights and abstract identities
- moral core: openly inclusive of diversity (in equality)
- main characteristic: inscription, that is written or otherwise openly declared as foundational of the political community
- corollary moral-political value: ought to give rise to political processes of inclusion and deliberation, the political community is founded on a demand to deliberate and consider diversity