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PARTHENIUM WEED SURVEY AND MANAGEMENT IN UGANDA REPORT – 2008 - 2013 . GERALD KYEYUNE,JENNIPHER BISIKWA International Workshop for USAID IPM CRSP on Biological Control Management of Parthenium weed. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 13 th -17 th July 2014. Introduction: Geography of Uganda.

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parthenium weed survey and management in uganda report 2008 2013

PARTHENIUM WEED SURVEY AND MANAGEMENT IN UGANDA REPORT – 2008 - 2013

GERALD KYEYUNE,JENNIPHER BISIKWA

International Workshop for USAID IPM CRSP on

Biological Control Management of Parthenium weed.

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

13th-17th July 2014

introduction geography of uganda
Introduction: Geography of Uganda
  • Location
  • BetweenLatitudes 420 N, 150S
  • Between longitudes 280 W, 350 E
  • Bisected by the Equator
  • Climate
  • Mean annual temp:160C SW, 250C NW, 300C NE
  • Rainfall: Bimodal= April/May & Oct./Nov.
geography of uganda cont
Geography of Uganda cont….
  • Land size
  • Total area 241,039 km2
  • Land area = 197,097 km2
  • Arable land = 42%
  • Cultivated area = 21%
  • Population
  • 37million (current projection)
agriculture in uganda
Agriculture in Uganda
  • Major economic activity = AGRICULTURE
  • Contributes 42% of GDP
  • Contributes 75% of total exports
  • Back-bone of the economy
  • Employs over 80% of the population
  • Mainly “traditional” farming as opposed to green revolution technologies
invasive weeds in uganda
Invasive weeds in Uganda
  • Partheniumhysterophorus
  • Lantana camara
  • Oxalis latifolia
  • Eichhorniacrassipes
  • Acacia
  • Mimosa pudica
  • Salviniamolesta (recent)
the problems of weeds
The problems of weeds
  • Weed management present a major cost in food production
  • Compete with crops for resources
  • Lead to yield loss
  • Contaminate harvested grains
  • Alternative hosts of diseases and pests
  • Cause depreciation of land value
  • Interfere with irrigation, navigation & fishing
work done on parthenium weed in uganda
Work done on Parthenium weed in Uganda

1. Survey

  • Objectives of the survey
  • Determine the occurance, distribution and abundance of Parthenium in Uganda.
  • Sensitize the public about problems associated with Parthenium
  • Devise management approaches to contain, control / eradicate Parthenium
work done cont d
Work done cont’d

2. Management strategies

  • Public awareness
  • Radio and TV announcements
  • News paper notices
  • Poster exhibits – Agricultural Shows
  • Local council meetings
  • Involving students in research
  • Eradicating infested sites
  • Physical approaches
  • Chemical
management trials
Management trials
  • Site:Makerere University campus
  • Management approaches studied;
  • Hand hoeing
  • Hand pulling
  • Control
  • Herbicide
  • Common salt
  • Mulching
  • Slashing
  • Integrated
challenges in managing parthenium weed in uganda
Challenges in managing Parthenium weed in Uganda
  • Ignorance
  • Government priorities
  • Geographical location – route to other countries
  • Favorable climate
  • Availability of Resources
way forward
Way forward
  • Increase public awareness
  • Further research in management of the weed
  • Continue surveys and eradication from the infested sites
  • Seeking government and donor intervention
acknowledgements
Acknowledgements
  • USAID IPM CRSP on Parthenium management project coordinated by Dr. WondiMersie for financial support
  • Dr. A. Witt, who first sighted Parthenium in Uganda
  • Dr. GadiGumisiriza, Invasive Species Management Project, NARO
  • Makerere University