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How Has Federation Helped The Australian Identity. By Curtis Byrum. How Federation Started. In, 1872 the idea of being “ Australian ” started People began to think it was a great idea for defence, immigration and the economy

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how federation started
How Federation Started
  • In, 1872 the idea of being “Australian” started
  • People began to think it was a great idea for defence, immigration and the economy
  • Henry Parkes (NSW Premier) convinced other premiers to discuss “Federation”

Henry

Parkes

the afc and nac
The AFC and NAC
  • In 1890, the Australasian Federation Convention was held in Melbourne
  • In 1891, the National Australasian Convention (NAC) was held in Sydney
the constitution
The Constitution
  • Each colony sent 7 representatives to the NAC.
  • A draft constitution was made by a committee consisting of Edmund Barton (NSW), Andrew Inglis Clark (TAS), Samuel Griffith (QLD), Charles Kingston (SA).
  • Queensland and Western Australia didn’t believe in federation at that time, therefore they didn’t send any representatives.
the new constitution
The New Constitution
  • In 1898, there was changes made to the constitution
  • The new constitution was formed by Edmund Barton, John Downer and Richard O’Conner
the new state
The New State
  • During Federation a new territory was made this became the capital of Australia - Canberra
commonwealth of australia constitution act 1900
Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900
  • British Parliament had to make a new law for ”Federation” because they were making the major laws of Australia
  • In,1900 a delegation of five plus a observer from Western Australia took the draft to London and was signed by Queen Victoria
  • The Commonwealth of Australia was proclaimed and the first Prime Minister of Australia was Edmund Barton