Loading in 2 Seconds...
Loading in 2 Seconds...
Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry. An acid is a proton donor (H + donor) A base is a proton acceptor. ACID/BASE REACTION. ACID/BASE REACTION Strong Acids Strong Bases. Sulfuric acid, H 2 SO 4 Nitric acid, HNO 3 Hydriodic acid, HI Perchloric acid, HClO 4
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
An acid is a proton donor (H+ donor) A base is a proton acceptor ACID/BASE REACTION
ACID/BASE REACTIONStrong Acids Strong Bases • Sulfuric acid, H2SO4 • Nitric acid, HNO3 • Hydriodic acid, HI • Perchloric acid, HClO4 • Hydrobromic acid, HBr • Hydrochloric, HCl • Lithium hydroxide, LiOH • Rubidium hydroxide, RbOH • Potassium hydroxide, KOH • Sodium hydroxide, NaOH • Cesium hydroxide, CsOH • Calcium hydroxide, Ca(OH)2 • Barium hydroxide, Ba(OH)2 • Strontium hydroxide, Sr(OH)2
Strong Acid/Strong Base Reaction NaOH +HCl → NaCl + H2O Net Ionic H+ (aq)+ OH- (aq) → H2O ACID/BASE REACTION
Strong Acid/ Weak Base Reaction Generic Equation H+ (aq)+ B → BH+ (aq) ACID/BASE REACTION
Strong Acid/Weak Base HCl + NH3→ NH4 + (aq)+ Cl– (aq) Net ionic H+ (aq)+ NH3 → NH4 + (aq) ACID/BASE REACTION
Strong Acid/Weak Base Reaction H+ + CH3NH2→ CH3NH3+ CH3NH2 is a methylamine (base) ACID/BASE REACTION
STRONG BASE/WEAK ACID GENERIC EQUATION HB + OH-→ H2O + B- ACID/BASE REACTION
STRONG BASE/WEAK ACID HNO2 + KOH → H2O + KNO2 NET IONIC HNO2 + OH- (aq) → H2O + NO2- (aq) ACID/BASE REACTION
ACID/BASE STOICHIOMETRY • What volume of 0.500 M hydrochloric acid is needed to completely react with 30.0 ml of barium hydroxide?
ACID/BASE STOICHIOMETRY • 40.0 ml of nitric acid requires 100.0 ml of 0.500 M potassium hydroxide to neutralize it. What is the concentration of the original acid
ACID/BASE STOICHIOMETRY • 30.0 ml of 0.500 M ammonia is needed to neutralize 50 ml of hydrochloric acid? What was the molarity hydrochloric acid?
SOLUTION STOICHIOMETRY • Calculate the volume of 0.309 M sodium hydroxide required to completely react with • A. 15.9 ml of 0.190 M hydrofluoric acid? • B. 22.9 ml of 0.296 M perchloric acid?
ACID/BASE STOICHIOMETRY • What volume of 30.0 ml of 0.500 M potassium hydroxide is needed to completely neutralize 0.500 M acetic acid?