India Education and Pastimes. Caroline Brosnan, Una O’Toole, Carolyn Roos, Damon Devani, Aria Lowenhaupt. Public Vs. Private. Private: Indian parents strive to provide a private school education to their children Aren’t many spots in the private schools
India Education and Pastimes Caroline Brosnan, Una O’Toole, Carolyn Roos, Damon Devani, Aria Lowenhaupt
Public Vs. Private Private: • Indian parents strive to provide a private school education to their children • Aren’t many spots in the private schools • Admission process is highly competitive • English is the primary teaching language • Very expensive International private schools- • Ideal for expat students • Maintain primary teaching language of their home country • Familiar methods of teaching • Most expensive of all the private schools Overview: • High value is placed on education • Strong academic focus, little room for creativity • Emphasis on memorization Public: • Funded and run by the government • Lack of adequate infrastructure • Insufficient funding • Shortage of staff and scarce facilities • Large class sizes: student to teacher ratio 40:1 • Most don’t teach in English • Creating a language barrier between expat students and teachers
Haveli School - rural school in Northern India Rural/City Education • wide rural-urban divide among literates and illiterates in the state • illiterates mainly concentrated in the countryside of Madhya Pradesh • number of graduates in rural parts is almost one tenth of the urban graduates • very little technology in rural schools • rural schools lack basic amenities such as drinking water • only 27% of rural schools have electricity, while 76% of urban schools have electricity • about half of rural schools have enough toilets for girls, and fewer than 4% have a telephone • However, urban schools are still significantly behind the average U.S. schools • among grade 5 students, 53 % cannot read at a grade 2 level (U.S.), while 46 % cannot solve a two-digit subtraction problem • in both rural and urban areas, many children are forced to drop out of school so that they can work and help support their families • many rural schools lack competent/committed teachers, and necessary learning tools such as books
Malls • A Retail-based consumer economy is emerging in densely populated zones. This pattern has frequently been labeled ‘Mall Culture’. • As a larger middle class with disposable income rises, so does the demand for improvements to quality of life, this manifests itself in large shopping centers. • An increasingly prevalent youth with disposable income tends to be more open to foreign influence, such as the mass retail style shopping. • Retail stores provide an easily accessible and customer friendly atmosphere, inspired by other successful capitalist markets. • Western tourists provide large revenue as they are accustomed to this method of shopping.
Market / Bazaar A Bazaar is a permanent area designed as a marketplace, housing any number of various vendors. They were central to highly populated area’s all over India prior to industrialization. The western retail mall now competes with bazaars, both featuring similar advantages: • Wide variety categories of shop • Potential social gathering destination • Short travel time in-between The key difference lies in the way each runs its business. In a bazaar, haggling and trading are commonplace. A mall on the other hand is typically more formal, non-negotiable price point being the standard.
Sports CRICKET 1721: Game introduced by British Sailors 1888: Parsis beats British on Indian soil - Unites country -Important people play → Popularize sport -Often considered a “religion” -Sport everyone can enjoy -80% of International Cricket Money Hockey -National Sport of India -1928: First Olympic Gold Medal -Has 8 Gold medals in total -First club: 1885-1886: In Calcutta -Brought over by the British -After 8 medals: Team “falls” - Other teams becoming better
Kabbadi (Hu-tu-tu) -Game of the People -1918: Gains national status -Over time: More sophisticated: Strategies -1950: Kabbadi Federation of India founded -Different rules, different places - “Raider” attacks “Antis” - Holding breath -Rectangular court -Unknown origin: Pre-historic v. 4-5,000 years -Used to develop defense/attack skills Chess -More popular now -Educational value - Originated in India: -“Chaturanga” -1951: All India Chess Confederation founded
CRICKET HOCKEY http://www.stick2hockey.com/Article-List/Visuals/archived/70.html http://sportsdictionary.wordpress.com/2010/06/11/for-most-indian-cricket-game/ KABADDI Suri Vaibhav: -Grandchess master at 15 (2012) http://www.chessgames.com/player/suri_vaibhav.html http://kabaddiworld.blogspot.com/
Bollywood • the informal term for the Hindi Language Film industry. • The name “bollywood” is derived from Bombay, the former name for Mumbai and Hollywood, the center of the American film industry. However it is not a physical place. • First Film was in 1913. The Golden Age of Bollywood was the late 1940s to the 1960s. During this time, they used movies to address social issues and to educate the population during India’s struggle for Independence. • Indian cinema found its global mass appeal at the turn of the 21st century. Investment by major studios such as 20th Century Fox, Sony Pictures and Warner Bros. • In India, Cinema is the largest form of entertainment to Date.
Works Cited Page • BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2013. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/specials/1157_cricket_history/page6.shtml> • "Bollywood Tourism." History of Bollywood. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2013. • "Education and Schools in India." Expat Arrivals. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2013. • "Game History." KABADDI GAME OF THE MASSES. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2013. <http://kabaddi.my/?page_id=23> • Ganguly, Rageshri. “Sharp divide in rural, urban education level: NSSO study.” The Times of India. Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. Web. 23 Sept. 2013. <http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-04-04/bhopal/38277588_1_rural-areas- national-sample-survey-office-rural-population>. • "History | BCCI." History | BCCI. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2013. <http://www.bcci.tv/bcci/bccitv/index/history>. • "Indian Hockey -History and Its Future." IndiaStudyChannel.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2013. <http://www.indiastudychannel.com/resources/99884-Indian-Hockey-History-its-future.aspx>
Works Cited Page Cont. • Khattar, Sakshi. “School education in rural India.” The Times of India. Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. Web. 23 Sept. 2013. <http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2009-02-23/education/28052753_1_compuls ory-education-rural-schools-school-education>. • “Major gaps between rural and urban schools: UNESCO report.” InfoChange India. Tekdi Web Solutions. Web. 23 Sept. 2013. <http://infochangeindia.org/education/news/major-gaps-between-rural-and-urban-schools -unesco-report.html>. • Mehta, Vinod. BBC News. BBC, 14 Oct. 2004. Web. 23 Sept. 2013. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/3734038.stm> • "The School System in India." AngloINFO India. Everything for Expats Living in or Moving to India. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2013. • “Urban Education.” Michael & Susan Dell Foundation. Web. 23 Sept. 2013. <http://www.msdf.org/programs/urban-education>. • “Urban education v/s Rural education.” Jagran Josh. MMI Online Limited. Web. 23 Sept. 2013. <http://www.jagranjosh.com/general-knowledge/urban-education-vs-rural-education-134 7524556-1>.
Works Cited Page Cont. • Vaidyanathan, Rajini. "Chess in India: Why Is It on the Rise?" BBC News. BBC, 17 May 2012. Web. 23 Sept. 2013. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-18074307> • Virdi, Singh Sandeeo. Malls & Hypermarkets: Perspectives of Contemporary Shopping. Diss. Punjabi University, 2012. N.p.: n.p., 2012. Shodh Ganga. INFLIBNET. Web. 23 Sept. 2013. <http://hdl.handle.net/10603/3561>. • "Welcome to International Kabaddi Federation." Welcome to International Kabaddi Federation. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2013. <http://www.kabaddiikf.com/history.htm>